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Table 1 Characteristics of participants across anxiety status

From: Higher dietary fat quality is associated with lower anxiety score in women: a cross-sectional study

VariableWith anxiety (score ≥ 8)
N = 113
Without anxiety (score < 8)
N = 187
P-valuea
Age (year)b30.63 ± 9.47 (18–49)31.71 ± 8.56 (28–49)0.3
Educational statusc0.9
 Less than diploma20 (17.7)34 (18.2) 
 Diploma and higher93 (82.3)153 (81.8) 
Marital statusc0.058
 Single42 (37.2)50 (26.7) 
 Married71 (62.8)137 (73.3) 
Jobc0.005
 House wife59 (52.2)128 (68.4) 
 Employed54 (47.8)59 (31.6) 
Dietary supplement intakec0.6
 Yes54 (47.8)84 (44.9) 
 No59 (52.2)103 (55.1) 
Total PAc (MET/min/week)0.06
 Low63 (55.8)116 (62) 
 Moderate23 (20.4)46 (24.6) 
 High27 (23.9)25 (13.4) 
Family sizeb3.69 ± 0.933.58 ± 0.950.3
Parityb0.98 ± 1.141.21 ± 1.210.04
Total energy intakeb (kcal/day)2509 ± 5892481 ± 5180.6
HEIb46.92 ± 5.9546.93 ± 7.160.9
Anthropometric measures
 Heightb161.38 ± 5.65161.10 ± 11.960.8
 Body weight (kg)66.38 ± 10.8868.84 ± 10.450.053
 WC (cm)84.09 ± 11.5485.63 ± 10.680.2
 BMI (km/m2)26.43 ± 6.9226.59 ± 3.820.7
Energy-adjusted dietary intake/dd
 Total fat (g)84.69 ± 17.3682.77 ± 13.240.2
 SFAs (g)27.34 ± 6.3424.69 ± 4.48 < 0.001
 MUFAs (g)25.19 ± 4.4026.45 ± 4.480.01
 Oleic acid (g)22.34 ± 4.1324.00 ± 4.320.001
 PUFAs (g)15.26 ± 3.7416.12 ± 4.390.08
 Dietary cholesterol (mg)274.8 ± 71.8265.2 ± 66.70.2
 n-3 PUFAs (g)0.90 ± 0.350.89 ± 0.320.8
 ALA (g)1.04 ± 0.351.39 ± 0.51 < 0.001
 DHA (g)0.09 ± 0.100.10 ± 0.110.3
 EPA (g)0.02 ± 0.030.03 ± 0.030.3
 n-6 PUFAs (g)8.82 ± 4.018.46 ± 3.820.4
 n-3: n-6 PUFAs0.10 ± 0.020.11 ± 0.030.3
  1. Physical activity: low (less than 600 MET/min/week), moderate (600–3000 MET/min/week), and high (more than 3000 MET/min/week)
  2. HEI Healthy eating index, WC Waist circumference, BMI body mass index, PA physical activity, MET metabolic equivalent, SFAs saturated fatty acids, MUFAs monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFAs polyunsaturated fatty acids, ALA alpha-linolenic acid, DHA docosahexaenoic acid, EPA eicosapentaenoic acids
  3. aChi-square test
  4. bMean and standard deviation for quantitative variables
  5. cNumber (%) for qualitative variables
  6. dIndependent t test