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Table 2 Subgroup analysis of all studies based on study setting, sex of the participants, tools used measure ADHD, subtypes of ADHD, and study quality

From: Epidemiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

SubgroupsStudies, nPrevalence (%)95% CIHeterogeneity between groups (P value)
 Community based97.195.59–9.190.439
 Hospital based38.745.66–13.27
 Males710.609.05–12.38 < 0.001
Subtype of ADHD    
Inattentive type by sex    
Hyperactive type by sex    
Combined type by sex    
 Males53.632.87–5.87 < 0.001
Quality of studies    
 Moderate and poor211.257.61–16.33
Tools used to measure ADHD