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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included in the systematic review and meta-analysis

From: The prevalence of depression among patients with tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study name Country Sample size Type of TB Year data collected Depression assessment instrument Prevalence in male (%) Prevalence in female (%) Overall prevalence NOS quality score
Aamir et al. [26] Pakistan 65 MDR-TB 2007–2008 HADS    36.9 Low
Anwar et al. [27] Pakistan 60 TB 2009 BDI-II 86.1 70.8 80 Low
Javald et al. [28] Pakistan 289 MDR-TB 2012–2013 HDRS 81.3 92.9 69.55 High
Ahmed et al. [29] Pakistan 83 TB 2015 HDRS    49.4 Low
Hussain et al. [15] Pakistan 108 TB 2007 HADS 50 45.3 46.3 Moderate
Amreen et al. [29] Pakistan 100 TB 2014 PHQ9    56 Moderate
Mehreen et al. [30] Pakistan 213 MDR-TB 2013 HDRS    65.5 High
Yilmaz et al. [46] Turkey 208 TB 2014–2015 HADS 60.3 61.0 60.5 Moderate
Ravi et al. [32] India 120 TB 2017–2018 PHQ9 50 47.4 49 Moderate
Kumar et al. [33] India 100 TB 2015 BDI-II    35 Low
Basu et al. [34] India 110 TB 2012 PHQ9 72 72.7 61.8 Moderate
Dahiya et al. [35] India 106 TB 2016 BDI-II 42.86 77.3 50 Moderate
Arjun et al. [36] India 200 TB 2009–2011 HDRS 39.8 39.1 39.5 Moderate
Chandra et al. [37] India 100 MDR-TB 2014–2015 HADS 56.3 52.8 55 Moderate
Mrinalini et al. [38] India 100 TB/HIV 2012–2014 PHQ9    16 Moderate
Dos et al., 2016 [43] Brazil 86 MDR-TB 2013 HADS 28.3 46.2 31.4 Low
Wang et al. [44] China 1252 TB 2014–2015 PHQ9 18.4 16.76 17.7 High
Baba et al. [39] Nigeria 65 TB 2008 PHQ9 29.3 25 27.7 Low
Larson et al. [40] Nigeria 371 TB/HIV 2013–2015 PHQ9 29.9 26.9 30 High
Ige et al. [18] Nigeria 88 TB 2010 HDRS 20 57.1 45.5 Low
Kehbila et al. [45] Cameroon 265 TB 2015 PHQ9 22.6 38.2 61.1 High
Duko et al. [19] Ethiopia 417 TB 2014 HADS 43.8 43.2 43.4 High
Ambaw et al. [11] Ethiopia 657 TB 2015 PHQ9 49.7 58.1 54 High
Dasa et al. [41] Ethiopia 403 TB 2017 PHQ9    51.9 High
Molla et al. [42] Ethiopia 415 TB 2018 PHQ9 39.6 51.9 31.1 High