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Table 2 Sensitivity analysis of all studies based on type of TB, instrument used, and study quality of the included studies

From: The prevalence of depression among patients with tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Subgroups Studies, n Prevalence (%) 95% CI Heterogeneity between groups (p value)
Type of TB     
 MDR-TB 5 52.34 38.09–66.22 0.320
 Non-MDR TB 20 43.47 35.20–52.65  
Instrument used     
 BDI 3 55.62 32.00–76.94 0.073
 HADS 7 46.52 39.25–53.94
 HDRS 3 61.09 48.47–72.38
 PHQ-9 12 38.36 28.52–49.26
Quality of studies     
 High 9 46.06 33.15–58.52 0.657
 Moderate 9 47.85 40.62–55.16
 Low 7 40.54 27.82–54.68
  1. MDR-TB multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, BDI Beck Depression Inventory, HADS The, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HDRS Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9