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Table 1 Mean ± standard deviation on baseline DASS-21, spiritual health and HRV scores and some characteristics of the cardiovascular patients

From: A pilot randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of Islamic spiritual intervention and of breathing technique with heart rate variability feedback on anxiety, depression and psycho-physiologic coherence in patients after coronary artery bypass surgery

  Islamic Intervention Group Breathing Intervention Group Control Group
Baseline Psycho-physiologic Coherence (HRV) 0.375 ± 0.148 0.448 ± 0.244 0.47 ± 0.273
Baseline anxiety 17 ± 6.14 12.7 ± 7.05 14.8 ± 5.61
Baseline depression 19.4 ± 9.262 17.2 ± 10.923 14.4 ± 7.358
Baseline spiritual health 86.873 ± 7.97 79.481 ± 17.506 89.584 ± 6.101
Age 55.8 ± 7.19 56 ± 9.51 59.55 ± 7.2
Number of weeks elapsed since CABG 9.35 ± 1.42 9.15 ± 1.53 9.05 ± 1.43
Sex(Female) 7 (35%) 5 (25%) 6 (30%)
AMI before CABG (chronic failure) 14 (70%) 13 (65%) 14 (70%)
Number of affected coronary vessels
 Two vessels 8 (40%) 9 (45%) 11 (55%)
 Three vessels 12 (60%) 11 (55%) 8 (40%)
 More than three vessels 0 0 1 (5%)