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Table 2 Comparisons of physical characteristics and disorders between F2 and F3 study participants

From: A cross-sectional study on metabolic similarities and differences between inpatients with schizophrenia and those with mood disorders

  F2 F3 F2 vs F3
n Mean or ratio SD n Mean or ratio SD T-test or Fisher’s exact test p Age-adjusted
p Mean differences (95% CI) Odds ratios (95% CI)
Body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) 130 24.1 4.9 43 22.9 5 N.S. N.S. 0.53 (− 1.3 to 2.4)  
 Male 56 24.7 4.9 19 21.7 3.8 0.0018 N.S. 1.8 (− 1.0 to 4.7)  
 Female 74 23.6 4.8 24 23.8 5.7 N.S. N.A.   
Waist circumference (cm) 119 85.2 13.6 39 83.6 13.7 N.S. N.A.   
 Male 51 88.5 13.2 16 82.8 12.1 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 68 82.6 13.5 23 84.2 14.9 N.S. N.A.   
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 144 125.3 16 45 131.6 18.2 0.026 N.S. − 3.3 (− 9.4 to 2.7)  
 Male 62 127.5 16.2 20 131.5 18.6 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 82 123.5 15.8 25 131.7 18.3 0.031 N.S. − 3.2 (− 10.8 to 4.3)  
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 144 77.2 11.4 45 77.0 11.1 N.S. N.A.   
 Male 62 80.4 10.9 20 77.1 9.7 N.S. N.S. − 0.3 (− 6.4 to 5.9)  
 Female 82 74.8 11.3 25 77.0 12.4 N.S. N.A.   
Hypertension 144 0.271   45 0.467   0.017 N.S.   0.6 (0.28 to 1.28)
 Male 62 0.355   20 0.450   N.S. N.A.   
 Female 82 0.207   25 0.480   0.011 N.S.   0.47 (0.17 to 1.32)
Diabetes mellitus 144 0.160   45 0.156   N.S. N.S.   2.00 (0.77 to 5.65)
 Male 62 0.190   20 0.100   N.S. N.A.   
 Female 82 0.130   25 0.200   N.S. N.S.   1.20 (0.33 to 4.44)
High LDL-cholesterolemia 140 0.264   44 0.364   N.S. N.S.   0.85 (0.39 to 1.89)
 Male 60 0.283   19 0.211   N.S. N.A.   
 Female 80 0.250   25 0.480   0.045 N.S.   0.46 (0.17 to 1.27)
Low HDL-cholesterolemia 139 0.209   44 0.205   N.S. N.A   
 Male 59 0.322   19 0.316   N.S. N.A   
 Female 80 0.125   25 0.12   N.S. N.A   
Hypertriglyceridemia 143 0.210   44 0.205   N.S. N.A   
 Male 62 0.258   19 0.158   N.S. N.A   
 Female 81 0.173   25 0.240   N.S. N.A   
Metabolic syndrome 115 0.209   38 0.263   N.S. N.A.   
 Male 49 0.306   15 0.200   N.S. N.A.   
 Female 66 0.136   23 0.304   N.S. N.S.   0.61 (0.17 to 2.13)
Prevalence of smoking 139 0.396   40 0.125   0.0011 0.0148*   3.62 (1.29 to 10.4)
Male 61 0.541   16 0.188   0.013 N.A.   
Female 78 0.282   24 0.083   N.S. N.A.   
Ratio of SBI and cerebral infarction 141 0.234   44 0.477   0.0039 N.S.   1.06 (0.426 to 2.64)
  1. First, we used t-test in quantitative variables and Fisher’s exact test in qualitative variables between F2 and F3 groups without any adjustments. Next, Age-adjusted mean differences were estimated using ANCOVA and Odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression analysis. CI is an abbreviation of confidence interval. N.A. means not applicable. N.S. means not significant (p ≥ 0.05). * is significantly different (p < 0.05) between F2 group and F3 group by age-adjusted analysis