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Table 4 Comparisons of metabolic characteristics between F2 and F3 study participants

From: A cross-sectional study on metabolic similarities and differences between inpatients with schizophrenia and those with mood disorders

  F2 F3 F2 vs F3
n Mean or ratio SD n Mean or ratio SD T-test or Fisher’s exact test p= Age-adjusted
p Mean differences (95% CI) Odds ratios (95% CI)
Lipid metabolism
LDL-C (mg/dl) 139 113.6 38.2 44 113.5 33.9 N.S. N.A.   
 Male 59 107.3 96.4 19 106.9 95.7 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 80 118.3 34.7 25 118.6 39.9 N.S. N.A.   
HDL-C (mg/dl) 139 53.9 17.8 44 55.6 17.4 N.S. N.A.   
 Male 59 48.7 13.7 19 49 15.4 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 80 57.7 19.6 25 60.5 17.5 N.S. N.A.   
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 143 115.5 83.0 44 112 63.6 N.S. N.A.   
 Male 62 126.2 94.3 19 111 76.9 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 81 107.4 72.8 25 113.6 52.9 N.S. N.A.   
Non-HDL-C (mg/dl) 139 137 43.1 44 135.9 38.0 N.S. N.A.   
 Male 59 133.7 48.3 19 128.9 28.2 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 80 139.5 39.0 25 141.3 43.8 N.S. N.A.   
Glucose metabolism
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 144 117.7 43.4 45 131.5 76.2 N.S. N.S. − 7.2 (− 26.6 to 12.3)  
 Male 62 117.7 47.7 20 126.8 91.0 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 82 117.7 40.2 25 135.2 63.7 N.S. N.S. − 11.1 (− 33.5 to 11.4)  
HbA1c (%) 144 5.82 0.81 45 6.02 1.18 N.S. N.S. − 0.01 (− 0.34 to 0.32)  
 Male 62 5.91 1.01 20 5.97 1.62 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 82 5.75 0.60 25 6.06 0.69 0.029 N.S. − 0.12 (− 0.40 to 0.16)  
Renal function
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 144 0.696 0.234 45 0.778 0.250 0.045 N.A.   
 Male 62 0.788 0.218 20 0.877 0.307 N.S. N.A.   
 Female 82 0.626 0.223 25 0.698 0.160 N.S. N.A.   
eGFR (ml/min) 144 87.1 22.8 45 72.4 21.4 0.0002 0.0139* 10.3 (2.1 to 18.5)  
 Male 62 90.6 22.9 20 77.1 24.9 0.027 N.S. 9.9 (− 4.0 to 23.8)  
 Female 82 84.4 22.5 25 68.7 17.8 0.002 0.0225* 12 (1.7 to 22.3)  
Ratio of eGFR < 60 ml/min 144 0.076   45 0.244   0.006 N.S.   0.45 (0.16–1.2)
 Male 62 0.048   20 0.15   N.S. N.S.   0.48 (0.07–3.7)
 Female 82 0.098   25 0.32   0.011 N.S.   0.36 (0.11–1.2)
Ratio of albuminuria (30 mg/g creatinine <) (40 years <) 93 0.043   33 0.152   N.S. N.S.   0.34 (0.08–1.41)
 Male 37 0.027   14 0.071   N.S. N.S.   0.53 (0.03–10.1)
 Female 56 0.054   19 0.211   N.S. N.S.   0.27 (0.05–1.44)
  1. First, we used t-test in quantitative variables and Fisher’s exact test in qualitative variables between F2 and F3 groups without any adjustments. Next, Age-adjusted mean differences were estimated using ANCOVA and Odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression analysis. CI is an abbreviation of confidence interval. N.A. means not applicable. N.S. means not significant (p ≥ 0.05). * is significantly different (p < 0.05) between F2 group and F3 group by age-adjusted analysis