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Table 1 Neurocognitive domains assessed in the literature and neuropsychological tools used

From: Neurocognitive impairment and evidence-based treatment options in Bipolar disorder

Domain Tool
Premorbid IQ Single-word reading score from the North American Adult Reading Test (NAARTWide Range Achievement Test (WRAT)
Vocabulary subtest score from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
Current IQ Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
Psychomotor and mental speed Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST)
Trail Making Test-A (TMT-A)
Reaction time tests
Attention Continuous Performance Test (CPT)
Digits Forward
Working memory Digits Backward
Verbal memory
 Learning California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT)
 Short delayed recall Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)
 Long delayed recall Wechsler Memory Scale-Logical Memory (WMS-LM)
 Recognition Free recall
Nonverbal memory Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT)—Immediate and delayed recall
Wechsler Memory Scale-Visual Reproduction (WMS-VR)
Visuospatial function Block design
Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT)–copy
Language/verbal fluency Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWA-FAS)
Animal Naming (AN)
Executive function Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)—Categories achieved and perseverative errors
Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT)
Trail Making Test-B (TMT-B)
Social cognition and theory of mind Benton Facial Recognition Test (BFRT)
Faces Test (FT)
Eyes Test (ET)
Hinting Task (HT)
False belief and deception tasks
Picture sequencing
Character intention tasks
Faux Pas