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Table 5 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis result showing the associations between the factors and postpartum depression among women having postnatal care at health centers in Dessie town, Dessie, Ethiopia, 2019

From: The association of intimate partner violence with postpartum depression in women during their first month period of giving delivery in health centers at Dessie town, 2019

Independent variables Postpartum depression COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes No
Marital status
 Married 60 223 Reference Reference
 Single 36 13 10.3 (5.14, 20.63) 4.9 (1.27, 16.74)**
 Divorced/widowed/separated 6 40 0.56 (0.23, 1.37) 0.61 (0.31, 1.20)
Satisfaction with child’s gender
 Dissatisfied 30 28 3.69 (2.07, 7.58) 3.10 (1.62, 6.69)**
 Satisfied 72 248 Reference Reference
IPV
 No violence 41 247 Reference Reference
 Psychological 50 22 13.69 (7.51, 24.37) 6.5 (1.98, 15.85)**
 Sexual and physical 11 7 9.46 (3.47, 25.89) 3.46 (2.34, 18.55)**
Depression during PX
 Yes 53 34 7.69 (4.54, 13.06) 3.2 (2.81, 8.91)***
 No 49 242 Reference Reference
Unplanned pregnancy
 Yes 53 71 3.56 (2.15, 8.16) 2.5 (1.76, 7.23)*
 No 43 205 Reference Reference
Maternal current substance use
 Yes 37 50 2.57 (1.55, 4.27) 1.8 (1.16, 3.75)**
 No 65 226 Reference Reference
Social support
 Poor 10 53 0.45 (0.22, 0.94) 0.58 (0.24, 1.44)
 Good 92 223 Reference Reference
Current alcoholism in husband
 Yes 48 53 3.74 (2.29, 6.11) 2.2 (1.48, 5.34)**
 No 54 223 Reference Reference
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal 57 216 Reference Reference
 Cesarean section 30 24 4.7 (2.57, 18.72) 2.5 (0.89, 16.25)
 Instrumental 15 36 1.58 (0.81, 3.01) (0.52, 2.45)
  1. Reference: implies groups with the lowest risk for the postpartum depression in binary logistic regression
  2. IPV intimate partner violence
  3. *p-value < 0.05, ** p-value < 0.01, *** p-value < 0.001, Hosmer and Lemeshow test (p-value = 0.68)