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Table 3 Associations between personal values in adolescence and outcomes in adulthood in multiple group path analysis (N = 1032)

From: Association between personal values in adolescence and mental health and well-being in adulthood: a cross-cultural study of working populations in Japan and the United States

 Psychological distressHRQoL: physicalHRQoL: mental
JapanUSJapanUSJapanUS
CoeffpCoeffpCoeffpCoeffpCoeffpCoeffp
Avoiding causing trouble− 0.010.8440.180.0010.000.968− 0.120.0240.020.767− 0.150.007
Positive evaluation0.060.2710.140.0090.100.059− 0.130.018− 0.070.188− 0.160.003
Belief− 0.010.912− 0.070.287− 0.030.6680.030.615− 0.040.5560.040.544
Financial success0.150.018− 0.030.687− 0.040.5210.050.446− 0.140.024− 0.050.469
Improving society− 0.080.2360.080.302− 0.080.215− 0.050.5140.100.109− 0.020.792
Interest− 0.020.779− 0.100.083− 0.100.0800.100.0860.030.6090.130.019
Social influence− 0.030.6530.140.0930.010.914− 0.160.0600.080.238− 0.010.953
Challenging0.070.2650.030.674− 0.020.792− 0.030.722− 0.090.173− 0.070.348
Care− 0.090.122− 0.160.0110.040.512− 0.010.8480.100.0800.100.139
Graduating from school− 0.160.0040.140.0090.120.027− 0.060.3010.140.011− 0.090.095
Stable lifestyle0.080.200− 0.010.9230.000.9920.120.078− 0.120.0610.020.771
Commitment to values− 0.100.060− 0.060.2660.080.1210.080.1300.130.0180.060.242
 SatisfactionHappiness
JapanUSJapanUS
CoeffpCoeffpCoeffpCoeffp
Avoiding causing trouble0.000.9670.020.6410.050.4050.020.647
Positive evaluation0.020.783− 0.100.0350.030.625− 0.120.010
Belief− 0.080.2240.120.045− 0.030.6470.120.037
Financial success− 0.150.014− 0.030.695− 0.100.090− 0.060.350
Improving society0.120.0580.060.4700.020.7790.120.093
Interest− 0.100.097− 0.130.011− 0.080.164− 0.100.039
Social influence0.080.2440.050.5320.000.9920.050.479
Challenging0.000.9830.130.0430.020.7550.130.045
Care0.150.010− 0.050.3860.140.021− 0.020.749
Graduating from school0.110.0470.120.0170.120.0330.19< 0.001
Stable lifestyle− 0.070.2650.020.711− 0.060.308− 0.070.243
Commitment to values0.140.0070.23< 0.0010.160.0030.29< 0.001
  1. All coefficients were standardized
  2. p < 0.05 are in italic
  3. HRQoL health-related quality of life, Coeff coefficient