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Table 3 Factors associated with suicide in people with severe mental disorders, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

From: Misdiagnosis, detection rate, and associated factors of severe psychiatric disorders in specialized psychiatry centers in Ethiopia

Characteristics Misdiagnosis Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Yes No
Gender
 Male 83 119 1.27 (0.80–2.06) 1.52 (0.85–2.71)
 Female 38 69 1 1
Age
 18–30 46 64 1.09 (0.62–1.91) 1.17 (0.58–2.36)
 31–40 38 68 0.86 (0.48–1.50) 1.01 (0.52–1.96)
 ≥ 40 37 56 1 1
Educational status
 No formal education 15 15 1.63 (0.67–3.99) 1.46 (0.49–4.34)
 Primary 38 65 0.96 (0.49–186) 0.83 (0.38–1.78)
 Secondary 46 72 1.05 (0.55–1.96) 1.13 (0.54–2.34)
 Higher 22 36 1 1
Residence
 Rural 34 40 1 1
 Urban 87 148 1.45 (0.85–2.45) 1.49 (0.78–2.82)
Marital status
 Single 79 123 1 1
 Married 30 44 1.07 (0.62–1.83) 0.87 (0.45–1.66)
 Divorce/widowed 12 21 0.89 (0.41–1.96) 1.15 (0.48–2.82)
Type of SPD
 MDD 53 39 4.37 (2.47–7.76) 4.22 (1.69–10.56)*
 BPD 15 39 1.24 (0.61–2.53) 1.24 (0.57–2.68)
 SCZAF 21 7 9.66 (3.76–24.79) 12.39 (4.50–34.16)**
 SCZ 32 103 1 1
MDD psychosis
 Yes 38 26 2.85 (1.62–5.02) 1.14 (0.44–2.95)
 No 83 162 1 1
Suicidal ideation
 Suicide 87 104 2.07 (1.27–3.37) 2.19 (1.24–3.87)*
 No suicide 34 84 1 1
Relapse
 Relapsed 90 169 1.11 (0.66–1.86) 1.41 (0.75–2.62)
 No relapse 31 52 1  
Admission
 Admission 78 118 1.07 (0.69–1.73) 1.23 (0.70–2.16)
 No admission 43 70 1 1
  1. SCZ schizophrenia, MDD major depressive disorder, BD bipolar disorder, SCZAF schizoaffective disorder
  2. *Significant association (p-value < 0.05); **significant association (p-value < 0.001)
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