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Table 1 Distribution of psychological distress in relation to the socio-demographic characteristics of respondents among the Ethiopian population, 2020

From: Psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ethiopia: an online cross-sectional study to identify the need for equal attention of intervention

Variable N (%) Psychological distress
No Yes
Age groups (years)
 18–24 60 (6.4%) 51 (7.3%) 9 (3.8%)
 25–29 225(24.2%) 158 (23.0%) 66 (27.7%)
 30–34 313 (33.7%) 232 (33.3%) 82 (34.5%)
 35–39 159 (17.1%) 117 (17.1%) 41 (17.2%)
 40–44 81 (8.7%) 60 (8.6%) 23 (9.7%)
 45–49 49 (5.3%) 35 (5.3%) 12 (5.0%)
 50 and above 42 (4.5%) 38 (5.5% 5 (2.1%)
Sex
 Female 101 (10.9%) 70 (10.6%) 27 (11.3%)
 Male 828 (89.1%) 617 (89.2%) 210 (88.7%)
Marital status
 Single 326 (35.1%) 246 (35.5%) 80 (33.6%)
 Ever married 603 (64.9%) 445 (64.5%) 158 (66.4%)
Educational qualification
 Diplomaa 26 (2.8%) 21 (3.1%) 5 (2.1%)
 BSc/BA 167 (18.0%) 112 (16.1%) 55 (23.1%)
 MSc/MA 493 (53.1%) 371 (53.6%) 122 (51.3%)
 MD-GP 66 (7.1%) 50 (7.2%) 16 (6.7%)
 MD-resident 43 (4.6%) 34 (4.9%) 9 (3.8%)
 Ph.D 94 (10.1%) 70 (10.3%) 24 (10.1%)
 MD-specialist 40 (4.3%) 33 (4.8%) 7 (2.9%)
Occupation
 Student 72 (7.8%) 58 (8.5%) 14 (5.9%)
 No job 15 (1.6%) 12 (1.7%) 3 (1.3%)
 Self and private employed 132 (14.2%) 91 (13.3%) 41 (17.2%)
 Health workers 209 (22.5%) 150 (21.7%) 59 (24.8%)
 University employed 501 (53.9%) 380 (54.8%) 121 (50.8%)
Region of residence
 Oromia 526 (56.6%) 398 (57.1%) 133 (55.9%)
 Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa 150 (16.1%) 116 (16.6%) 34 (14.3%)
 SNNPR 103 (11.1%) 69 (9.9%) 34 (14.3%)
 Amhara 52 (5.6%) 36 (5.2%) 16 (6.7%)
 Tigray 49 (5.3%) 38 (5.5%) 11 (4.6%)
 Harari 24 (2.6%) 23 (3.3%) 1 (0.4%)
 Other 25 (2.7%) 17 (2.4%) 9 (3.8%)
Religion
 Orthodox christian 417 (44.9%) 320 (46.2%) 97 (40.8%)
 Muslim 114 (12.3%) 89 (12.9%) 25 (10.5%)
 Protestant 336 (36.3%) 234 (34.0%) 102 (42.9%)
 Wakeffeta 40 (4.3%) 31 (4.4%) 9 (3.8%)
 Others 22 (2.4%) 17 (2.4%) 5 (2.1%)
  1. aRespondents with grade 10 + but not obtained university degree