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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and coping response of respondents with and without mild-to-severe depression

From: Depression level and coping responses toward the movement control order and its impact on quality of life in the Malaysian community during the COVID-19 pandemic: a web-based cross-sectional study

  Without depression (n = 379) With mild-to-severe depression
(n = 149)
Df χ2, t p value
Age, years, mean ± SD 36.79 ± 12.47 33.09 ± 10.08 329.66 3.54  < 0.001
Duration of MCO, days, mean ± SD 48.67 ± 6.12 48.20 ± 6.08 526 0.79 0.430
Health quarantine, n (%)
 Yes 28 (7.4) 15 (10.1) 1 1.03 0.311
 No 351 (92.6) 134 (89.9)    
Gender, n (%)
 Male 148 (39.1) 52 (34.9) 1 0.78 0.376
 Female 231 (60.9) 97 (65.1)    
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Non-Malay 215 (56.7) 96 (64.4) 1 2.62 0.105
 Malay 164 (43.3) 53 (35.6)    
Marital status, n (%)
 Without partner 173 (45.6) 107 (71.8) 1 29.40  < 0.001
 With partner 206 (54.4) 42 (28.2)    
Religion, n (%)
 No religion 10 (2.6) 8 (5.4) 1 2.47 0.116
 Have religion 369 (97.4) 140 (94.6)    
Zone, n (%)
 Green and yellow 110 (29.0) 21 (14.1) 1 12.78  < 0.001
 Red 269 (71.0) 128 (85.9)    
Household income
 B40 149 (39.3) 77 (51.7) 1 6.68 0.010
 M40 and T20 230 (60.7) 72 (48.3)    
 Household size, mean ± SD 4.31 ± 2.13 4.13 ± 2.10 525 0.89 0.375
Employment status, n (%)
 Unemployed 104 (27.4) 31 (20.8) 1 2.47 0.116
 Employed 275 (72.6) 118 (79.2)    
Frontliners, n (%)
 Yes 47 (12.4) 13 (8.7) 1 1.44 0.231
 No 332 (87.6) 136 (91.3)    
Education level, n (%)
 Up to secondary 40 (10.6) 11 (7.4) 1 1.23 0.267
 Tertiary 339 (89.4) 138 (92.6)    
Brief-COPE, mean ± SD
 Approach 33.12 ± 8.72 32.87 ± 6.07 385.78 0.37 0.710
 Avoidant 20.78 ± 5.65 25.43 ± 5.70 526 − 8.50  < 0.001
 Religion 5.94 ± 2.11 5.10 ± 2.07 526 4.13  < 0.001
 Humor 4.45 ± 1.81 4.30 ± 0.1.67 291.37 0.89 0.377
  1. SD standard deviation, df degree of freedom, \({X}^{2}\) Chi-square test; t t test