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Table 2 Factors (crude and adjusted odds ratios, confidence intervals, and p value) associated with geriatric depression among elderly at North Shoa Zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia, 2020 (n = 822)

From: Geriatric depression and quality of life in North Shoa Zone, Oromia region: a community cross-sectional study

Variables Depression Crude OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
No Yes
Age
 60–69 160 105 1   1  
 70–79 149 154 1.58 (1.13,2.19) 0.001* 1.30 (0.89,1.90) 0.172
 80–89 53 145 4.17 (2.80,6.22) 0.001* 3.22 (2.05,5.03) 0.001*
 ≥ 90 12 44 5.59 (2.82,11.07) 0.001* 3.62 (1.69,7.75) 0.001*
Sex
 Male 194 228 1   1  
 Female 180 220 1.04 (0.78,1.37) 0.187 1.38 (0.98,1.93) 0.063
Marital status
 Single 171 342 3.83 (2.84,5.16) 0.001* 1.67 (1.12,2.50) 0.012*
 Married 203 106 1   1  
Educational status
 No formal education 234 344 1.98 (1.46,2.68) 0.001* 1.79 (1.06,2.20) 0.042*
 Formal education 140 104 1   1  
Number of children
 No children 68 190 2.01 (1.41,2.87) 0.001* 1.00 (0.50,2.00) 0.990
 One child 26 54 2.32 (1.40,1.93) 0.001* 1.62 (0.86,3.04) 0.137
 Two children 72 86 1.34 (0.92,1.93) 0.268 1.02 (0.64,1.63) 0.921
 Three and above children 208 186 1   1  
Source of income
 Retirement 16 18 1   1  
 Helped by family 44 104 2.10 (0.98,4.49) 0.056 1.39 (0.57,3.40) 0.465
 Farmers 162 82 0.45 (0.22,0.93) 0.031* 0.52 (0.22,1.23) 0.136
 Merchant 34 8 0.21 (0.08,0.58) 0.003* 0.32 (0.10,1.00) 0.050
 No income/NGO support 118 236 1.78 (0.88,3.61) 0.112 1.48 (0.67,3.30) 0.334
Living status
 Alone 128 252 2.47 (1.86,3.28) 0.001* 1.58 (1.05,2.26) 0.035*
 With family/relatives 246 196 1   1  
Social support
 No 298 252 0.33 (0.24,0.45) 0.001* 0.55 (0.38,0.80) 0.002*
 Yes 76 196 1   1  
Chronic illness
 No 308 300 1   1  
 Yes 66 148 2.30 (1.65,3.21) 0.001* 2.27 (1.50,3.44) 0.001*
Current substance use
 No 108 222 1   1  
 Yes 266 226 0.41 (0.31,0.55) 0.001* 0.70 (0.48,1.02) 0.060