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Table 3 Factors (crude and adjusted odds ratios, confidence intervals, and p value) associated with low OWHOQOL among elderly at North Shoa Zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia, 2020 (n = 822)

From: Geriatric depression and quality of life in North Shoa Zone, Oromia region: a community cross-sectional study

Variables OWHOQOL Crude OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
High Low
Age    17,270/22630    
 60–69 155 110 1   1  
 70–79 157 146 1.31 (0.94,1.83) 0.111 1.05 (0.69,1.49) 0.943
 80–89 68 130 2.69 (1.84,3.95) 0.001* 0.31 (0.34,0.82) 0.004*
 ≥ 90 16 40 3.52 (1.88,6.61) 0.001* 0.25 (0.22,0.96) 0.038*
Sex
 Male 212 210 1   1  
 Female 184 216 1.19 (0.90,1.56) 0.224 1.23 (0.88,1.72) 0.218
Marital status
 Single 177 336 4.62 (3.40,6.27) 0.001* 1.95 (1.53,3.86) 0.001*
 Married 219 90 1   1  
Educational status
 No formal education 234 344 2.90 (2.12,3.97) 0.001* 2.20 (1.51,3.24) 0.001*
 Formal education 162 82 1   1  
Number of children
 No children 74 116 1.90 (1.34,2.71) 0.001* 0.98 (0.57,1.66) 0.929
 One child 32 48 1.82 (1.12,2.97) 0.016* 1.13 (0.35,1.95) 0.153
 Two children 74 84 1.38 (0.95,1.99) 0.090 1.40 (0.48,2.02) 0.234
 Three and above child 216 178 1   1  
Source of income
 Retirement 20 14 1   1  
 Helped by family 34 114 4.79 (2.19,10.48) 0.001* 3.76 (1.52,8.98) 0.001*
 Farmers 170 74 0.62 (0.30,1.30) 0.206 0.60 (0.33,1.12) 0.514
 Merchant 34 8 0.34 (0.12,0.94) 0.038* 0.33 (0.48,1.87) 0.065
 Helped by NGO 138 216 2.24 (1.09,4.57) 0.028* 1.70 (0.25,2.25) 0.155
Living status
 Alone 144 236 2.17 (1.64,2.88) 0.001* 1.83 (1.35,2.89) 0.006*
 With family 252 190 1   1  
Social support
 No 302 248 0.43 (0.32,0.59) 0.001* 0.40 (0.41,1.36) 0.191
 Yes 94 178 1   1  
Chronic illness
 No 328 280 1   1  
 Yes 68 146 2.52 (1.81,3.50 0.001* 2.21 (1.41,3.40) 0.001*
Current substance use
 No 136 194 1   1  
 Yes 260 232 0.63 (0.47,0.83) 0.001* 1.10 (0.61,1.28) 0.880