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Table 2 Suicidal behaviour among youths in relation to their background characteristics

From: Suicidal behaviour among youths associated with psychopathology in both parents and youths attending outpatient psychiatric clinic in Kenya

Variables Suicidal behaviour No suicidal behaviour OR 95% CI p value*
  (N= 205) (N= 40)     
  n % n %   Lower Upper  
Age in years         
13–15 50 82.0 11 18.0 1.73 0.73 4.13 0.216
16–18 113 89.7 13 10.3 3.31 1.47 7.47 0.004
19–22 42 72.4 16 27.6 Reference    
Sex         
Female 82 82.0 18 18.0 0.81 0.41 1.61 0.556
Male 123 84.8 22 15.2 Reference    
Position of birth         
Only child/first born 94 84.7 17 15.3 2.21 0.75 6.50 0.149
Second born 49 89.1 6 10.9 3.27 0.92 11.64 0.068
Third born 28 77.8 8 22.2 1.40 0.41 4.79 0.592
Fourth born 19 86.4 3 13.6 2.53 0.54 11.85 0.238
Fifth born or higher 15 71.4 6 28.6 Reference    
Level of education         
Secondary 132 88.0 18 12.0 2.08 0.97 4.42 0.05
College 20 74.1 7 25.9 0.81 0.29 2.27 0.687
Primary 53 77.9 15 22.1 Reference    
Marital status of parents         
Single mother, never married 13 81.3 3 18.8 0.88 0.24 3.27 0.847
Widower/widow 33 82.5 7 17.5 0.96 0.39 2.36 0.922
Married 148 83.1 30 16.9 Reference    
Duration of illness         
1–12 months 60 81.1 14 18.9 0.67 0.22 2.03 0.478
>1–5 years 107 83.6 21 16.4 0.80 0.28 2.28 0.671
>5 years 32 86.5 5 13.5 Reference    
  1. *Significance at p < 0.05 (italicized); OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.