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Table 1 Major depressive disorder among youth in relation to socio-demographic characteristics and duration of mental disorder

From: Major depressive disorder in a Kenyan youth sample: relationship with parenting behavior and parental psychiatric disorders

Variables Present (N= 133) Absent (N= 112) OR 95% CI p Value
  n % n %   Lower Upper  
Age in years         
 13 to 15 33 54.1 28 45.9 1.93 0.93 4.01 0.078
 16 to 18 78 61.9 48 38.1 2.66 1.4 5.05 0.003
 19 to 22 22 37.9 36 62.1 Reference    
Sex         
 Female 53 53 47 47 0.92 0.55 1.53 0.737
 Male 80 55.2 65 44.8 Reference    
Position of birth         
 Only child/first born 68 61.3 43 38.7 1.74 0.68 4.44 0.247
 Second born 37 67.3 18 32.7 2.26 0.81 6.3 0.119
 Third born 10 27.8 26 72.2 0.42 0.14 1.3 0.134
 Fourth born 8 36.4 14 63.6 0.63 0.19 2.13 0.456
 Fifth born or higher 10 47.6 11 52.4 Reference    
Level of education         
 Primary 37 54.4 31 45.6 2.03 0.81 5.07 0.130
Secondary 86 57.3 64 42.7 2.28 0.98 5.32 0.055
 College 10 37.0 17 63.0 Reference    
Marital status of parents         
 Single mother, never married 7 43.8 9 56.3 0.68 0.24 1.9 0.463
 Widower/widow 22 55.0 18 45.0 1.07 0.54 2.13 0.852
 Orphan 6 100.0 0 0.0 UD UD UD 0.999
 Separated 3 60.0 2 40.0 1.31 0.21 8.03 0.770
 Married 95 53.4 83 46.6 Reference    
Duration of mental disorder         
 1 to 6 months 15 53.6 13 46.4 1.15 0.27 4.89 0.846
 7 to 12 months 23 50.0 23 50.0 1.00 0.25 3.93 1.000
 >1 to 2 years 40 57.1 30 42.9 1.33 0.35 5.03 0.671
 >2 to 5 years 28 48.3 30 51.7 0.93 0.24 3.57 0.920
 >5 to 10 years 16 59.3 11 40.7 1.45 0.34 6.25 0.614
 >10 years 5 50.0 5 50.0 Reference    
 Unknown 6   0      
  1. The italicized value is at p < 0.05. CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio; UD, undefined.