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Table 4 Major depressive disorder among youths in relation to other mental health status of the youths

From: Major depressive disorder in a Kenyan youth sample: relationship with parenting behavior and parental psychiatric disorders

Variables Present (N= 133) Absent (N= 112) OR 95% CI p Value
  n % n %   Lower Upper  
Conduct disorder         
 Yes 16 76.2 5 23.8 2.93 1.04 8.26 0.035
 No 117 52.2 107 47.8 Reference    
Any anxiety disorder         
 Yes 32 71.1 13 28.9 2.41 1.2 4.87 0.012
 No 101 50.5 99 49.5 Reference    
Any drug abuse         
 Yes 87 68.5 40 31.5 3.40 2.01 5.76 <0.001
 No 46 39.0 72 61.0 Reference    
Alcohol use         
 Yes 81 69.2 36 30.8 3.29 1.94 5.57 <0.001
 No 52 40.6 76 59.4 Reference    
Suicide behavior         
 Yes 124 60.5 81 39.5 5.27 2.39 11.66 <0.001
 No 9 22.5 31 77.5 Reference    
  1. Italicized values are at p < 0.05. CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.