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Table 2 Association between multiple physical symptoms and socio-demographic variables

From: Multiple physical symptoms in a military population: a cross-sectional study

  Mean number of symptoms (SD) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Model 1 adjusted OR (95% CI) Model 2 adjusted OR (95% CI)
Service type     
  Special Forces 2.92 (3.98) 0.40 (0.22–0.72) 0.54 (0.25–1.18) 0.66 (0.29–1.49)
  Regular forces 4.12 (5.21) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Age (years)     
  0–24 3.58 (4.26) 1.0 1.0  
  25–34 3.55 (4.81) 1.39 (0.77–2.52) 0.99 (0.50–1.98) 1.24 (0.57–2.68)
  >35 4.84 (6.50) 2.17 (0.87–5.40) 1.12 (0.34–3.65) 1.55 (0.43–5.59)
Marital status     
  Never married 3.32 (4.33) 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Married/divorced 3.94 (5.13) 1.65 (0.99–2.74) 1.43 (0.77–2.65) 1.70 (0.86–3.37)
Educational status     
  Less than GCE O-level 3.13 (4.32) 1.0 1.0  
  GCE O-level 3.64 (4.64) 1.90 (1.02–3.53) 1.66 (0.86–3.21) 1.48 (0.73–2.99)
  GCE A-level or higher 4.50 (5.70) 2.41 (1.21–4.83) 1.60 (0.70–3.65) 1.63 (0.67–3.94)
Rank (current)     
  Commissioned officer 4.91 (4.35) 1.56 (0.58–4.19) 1.42 (0.56–5.19) 1.42 (0.44–4.63)
  Non-commissioned officer 3.47 (5.10) 0.93 (0.46–1.89) 0.82 (0.33–2.01) 0.97 (0.37–2.55)
  Other ranks 3.58 (4.75) 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Role within unit     
  Land combat 3.23 (3.76) 1.0 1.0  
  On board naval vessels 3.14 (4.91) 1.23 (0.61–2.48) 0.82 (0.33–2.01) 0.88 (0.39–2.01)
  Non-combat duties 4.43 (5.46) 2.16 (1.17–4.0) 1.13 (0.51–2.51) 0.95 (0.42–2.16)
Mental health outcomes     
  GHQ case (yes) 9.57 (7.57) 9.93 (5.69–17.32) 9.68 (5.31–17.64) 8.43 (4.54–15.66)
  PTSD case (yes) 12.19 (10.58) 9.57 (3.47–26.37) 9.48 (3.13–28.76) 3.54 (1.03–12.17)
  1. Model 1—adjusted for age, education, marital status, rank, role within unit, and service type. Model 2—adjusted for age, education, marital status, rank, service type, role within unit, GHQ, and PTSD.