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Table 2 Means, standard deviations, and results of MANOVA models for all continuous outcome variables

From: Posttraumatic stress disorder and health: a preliminary study of group differences in health and health behaviors

  Total Control PTSD p value Partial η2
  (N= 80) (n= 55) (n= 25)   
Physical health indicators: M (SD)     0.010 0.180
  BMI 28.28 (6.75) 26.83 (5.52) 31.47 (8.13) 0.004 0.103
  Waist-to-hip ratio 0.90 (0.09) 0.90 (0.08) 0.90 (0.10) 0.999 <0.001
  Systolic BP 127.51 (19.43) 128.25 (21.25) 125.88 (14.93) 0.616 0.003
  Diastolic BP 75.89 (12.62) 75.76 (12.89) 76.16 (12.25) 0.897 <0.001
  Resting HR 79.25 (14.73) 77.29 (14.06) 83.56 (15.54) 0.078 0.039
Health behaviors: M (SD)     0.001 0.228
  AUDIT 3.06 (4.12) 2.21 (2.87) 4.96 (5.66) 0.007 0.097
  Vigorous exercise 1,461 (1,911) 1,791 (2,018) 733 (1,433) 0.020 0.072
  Moderate exercise 989 (1,291) 883 (1,148) 1,218 (1,556) 0.261 0.017
  Walking 1,506 (1,304) 1,572 (1,351) 1,364 (1,210) 0.516 0.006
  1. BMI is body mass index in units of kilograms divided by meters squared (kg/m2). BP is blood pressure in units of millimeters of mercury (mmHg). HR is heart rate in units of beats per minute (bpm). AUDIT is the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test [37]. Exercise variables are from the Short Form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-SF) [38] in units of metabolic equivalent of task minutes per week (METmpw). Two MANOVA models were performed: one with health indicators and one with health behaviors. Italics highlight values reaching statistical significance (α = 0.05).