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Students' counseling: studying a group intervention's effects
Annals of General Psychiatryvolume 5, Article number: S143 (2006)
Counseling of young students is a very demanding area and during the two last decades the Greek Universities have started to be interested in. The final stage of adolescence and the first years of youth are especially stressful, because young people must take decisions and act as mature individuals, often separated to their family of origin.
Materials and methods
The present study was realised in a sample of thirty-two persons, who were students in the School of Health in T.E.I. (Technological Educational Institute) of Patras. The aim of the study was to investigate the degree to which an intevention may influence psychological maturity of the participating subjects and their consequent coping strategies.
Assessment was based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative measures. The Johnson's Scale for the psychological maturity was used in order to estimate the psychological maturity's level of the control group and that of the twelve subjects'group, who participated in the intervention, which took place during a whole academic year. In addition, the 'Echelle Toulousaine de Coping' was used to measure the coping strategies of the two groups before and after the intervention.
The results of the study show that the intervention ameliorated the psychological maturity's level of the experimental group. The assessment pointed out a statistically significant difference (0.3 points). However, there is not enough evidence that the coping strategies of the participating subjects were ameliorated.
Finally, the qualitative data show that the coping strategies used after the intervention may be more functional and flexible. It appears that the participants "learned through experience" that the support offered by the group is one of the most important and functional coping strategies.
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