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Mutations in genes regulating neuronal migration predict reduced prefrontal cognition in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: a preliminary study

Background

Both neurodevelopmental processes and prefrontal cortex function are known to be abnormal in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The hypothesis to be tested was that these features are related with genes that regulate neuronal migration.

Materials and methods

We analyzed the genomic region encompassing the LIS1 gene (lissencephaly critical region, LCR), involved in human lissencephaly, and the platelet-activating-factor (PAF) system genes, functionally related to LIS1 in neuronal migration, in 52 schizophrenic patients, 36 bipolar I patients and 65 normal control subjects. In addition, all patients and 25 control subjects completed a neuropsychological battery.

Results

Thirteen (14.8%) patients showed alterations in two markers related with lissencephaly, and in the PAF receptor (PAFR) gene. These patients performed significantly worse on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test-Perseverative Errors (WCST-PE) in comparison to patients without LCR/PAFR abnormalities. The presence of LCR/PAFR abnormalities was parametrically related to perseverative errors and explained 17% of variance (p = 0.0001). Finally, logistic regression showed that poor WCST-PE performance was the only predictor of belonging to the positive LCR/PAFR group.

Discussion

These preliminary findings suggest that mutations in genes involved in the molecular diagnosis of lissencephaly and neuronal migration alterations, predict the severity of the prefrontal cognitive deficits in both disorders.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Tabares-Seisdedos, R., Escamez, T., Martinez-Gimenez, J. et al. Mutations in genes regulating neuronal migration predict reduced prefrontal cognition in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: a preliminary study. Ann Gen Psychiatry 5 (Suppl 1), S157 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-5-S1-S157

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-5-S1-S157

Keywords

  • Schizophrenia
  • Control Subject
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Prefrontal Cortex
  • Cognitive Deficit