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How can we help the siblings of retarded children?

Background

this research tries to investigate the efficacy of cognitive behavioral intervention on siblings of mental retarded children.

This was a randomized clinical trial on 32 siblings (6–12 years old)of children who sufferd from mental disability, in child guidance clinic in the year 2004. The data collection tool included clinical interview according to DSM-IV-TR criteria and also Rutter s questionnaire.

Materials and methods

This was a randomized clinical trial on 32 siblings (6–12 years old) of children who sufferd from mental disability, in child guidance clinic in the year 2004. The data collection tool included clinical interview according to DSM-IV-TR criteria and also Rutter s questionnare. The children who had behavioral problem were selected and divided to two control and case groups. The case group and thrir parents participated in 8 therapeutic sessions, for one hour every week. After six weeks these case and control groups were re-evaluated by questionnaire and interview. The results were analyzed by SPSS software. randomized clinical trial.

Results

The mean score for Rutter s questionnaire was 17.08 ± 5.6 and 14.66 ± 5.63 before and after intervention, respectively. Asignificant difference was observed between the scores of before and after intervention (p < 0.005).

Discussion

Cognitive and behavioral interventions, rsduce the emotional and behavioral problems in the siblings of mental disabled children, considerably. Increasing the knowledge of these children and giving them a chance to express themselves and their problems regarding their siblings are factors that can positively affect their behavior. this of course needs further planning and consideration.

References

  1. Conners C, Stalker K: The views and experiences of disabled children and their siblings:a positive outlook. 2003, Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley

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  2. Blacher J: Current perspective on family research in mental retardation. Current Opinion on Psychiatry. 2001, 14: 477-482. 10.1097/00001504-200109000-00009.

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  3. Williams PD, Williams AR: A community based intervention for siblings and parents of children illness or disability: The ISEE study. Journal of Pediatrics. 2003, 143: 386-393. 10.1067/S0022-3476(03)00391-3.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Arman, S., Firoozkoohi, M. How can we help the siblings of retarded children?. Ann Gen Psychiatry 5, S217 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-5-S1-S217

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-5-S1-S217

Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Clinical Trial
  • Data Collection
  • Behavioral Problem
  • Behavioral Intervention