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Table 3 Diagnoses at admission to SPDC and at discharge. The percentage is calculated on patients with an established diagnosis at admission and at discharge.

From: Clinical features and therapeutic management of patients admitted to Italian acute hospital psychiatric units: the PERSEO (psychiatric emergency study and epidemiology) survey

Diagnosis Admission n (%) Discharge n (%)
   Overall Females Males
Schizophrenia, paranoid status, other non-organic psychosis 698 (36.2) 843 (35.0) 342 (28.9)* 501 (41.0)*
Affective psychosis, depression, depressive status 315 (16.3) 401 (16.7) 246 (20.8)* 155 (12.7)*
Personality disorders 268 (13.9) 325 (13.5) 174 (14.7) 151 (12.4)
Affective psychosis, manic episodes, excitement status 176 (9.1) 213 (8.9) 121 (10.2)† 92 (7.5)†
Schizoaffective psychosis 138 (7.2) 164 (6.8) 93 (7.9)† 71 (5.8)†
Substance abuse, dependence 94 (4.9) 135 (5.6) 32 (2.7)* 103 (8.4)*
Neurotic disorders 77 (4.0) 103 (4.3) 69 (5.8)* 34 (2.8)*
Dementia and psycho-organic syndromes 43 (2.2) 78 (3.2) 36 (3.0) 42 (3.4)
Mental retardation, infantile psychoses 29 (1.5) 28 (1.2) 9 (0.8) 19 (1.6)
Acute stress reactions, adaptation reactions 12 (0.6) 47 (2.0) 28 (2.4) 19 (1.6)
Others/NA 80 (4.1) 70 (2.9) 34 (2.9) 36 (2.9)
Total no of patients with diagnosis (% of total PERSEO population) 1930 (78.1) 2407 (97.4) 1184 (97.5) 1223 (97.2)
  1. *Males versus females, p < 0.001; †males versus females, p < 0.05.
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