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Spiritual needs as experienced by Muslim patients in Iran: a qualitative study


Until the last 2 decades, spiritual care was a vital, but invisible, aspect of nursing care. Spirituality and spiritual care have entered the mainstream, and the literature in this area has burgeoned. In addition, there is minimal information in the literature documenting the expressed spiritual needs of patients in general and specific subgroups of patients in particular, thus this article aimed to present spiritual needs of Iranian Muslim patients. Therefore, this study is of significance to nursing in general and to transcultural nursing in particular because of the high priority associated with increasing the nursing knowledge through research that investigates and describes care practices in diverse cultures.

This paper reports an investigation into the spiritual needs of hospitalized Iranian Muslim patients.

Materials and methods

Qualitative study with a sample of 24 patients using semi-structured interviews. The sample selected from three different cities of Iran


Although not clearly distinguishable, we found two main spiritual needs include religious and existential needs in Iranian Muslim patients.


With regard to holistic approach in Islamic philosophy, holism is a relevant concept in the care of Iranian patients.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Karimollahi, M., Abedi, H.A. & Yousefy, A. Spiritual needs as experienced by Muslim patients in Iran: a qualitative study. Ann Gen Psychiatry 7 (Suppl 1), S147 (2008).

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