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  • Open Access

Transcultural issues about death fantasies and beliefs

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Annals of General Psychiatry20087 (Suppl 1) :S174

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S174

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Significant Role
  • General Hospital
  • Suicide Attempter
  • Cultural Origin

Background

The aim of the research was to explore what kind of beliefs and fantasies about death and dying exist in suicide attempters in a Greek group of patients and whether there are differences or similarities with attempters of other cultural origin /background.

Materials and methods

Our data comes from 32 interviews occurring during a one-year period with Greek patients who were seen within 24 hours of a suicide attempt and after admission at the casualty department of a Greek general hospital. At the end of the assessment the patient was asked to give a suicidal fantasy and speak about his thoughts and believes around death.

Results

A suicidal fantasy always included a dyadic relationship between a part of the self which will survive (“surviving self”) and the body, which was identified with a part of the self which had to be killed (“destruction of the body”).

Suicidal fantasies took four forms: revenge, self-punishment, merging and elimination - annihilation fantasies.

Conclusions

Transcultural issues about death fantasies and beliefs of suicide attempters are discussed.

It is suggested that exploration of a suicidal fantasy and the cultural elements which are involved can play a significant role in gaining a better understanding of the psychological conflicts of the attempters and can be used in the psychotherapeutic treatment which usually follows.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
3rd Department of Psychiatry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

References

  1. Fowler JC, Hilsenroth MJ, Piers C: An Empirical Study of Seriously Disturbed Suicidal Patients. J Amer Psychoanal Assn. 2001, 49: 161-186.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Maltsberger JT: The descent into suicide. Int J Psycho-Anal. 2004, 85: 653-667. 10.1516/3C96-URET-TLWX-6LWU.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  3. Movahedi S: The Utopian Pursuit of Death. American Imago. 1999, 56.1: 1-26. 10.1353/aim.1999.0003.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Ierodiakonou - Benou et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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