The contribution of brain perfusion SPECT and magnetic resonance imaging in early diagnosis of neurodegenerative dementia
© Sedaghat et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
Published: 17 April 2008
To compare the diagnostic value of the perfusion pattern of SPECT and atrophy pattern of MRI for neurodegenerative dementia and its early detection we studied patients with different types of dementia.
Materials and methods
107 patients underwent MRI and SPECT using HMPAO at the Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine of AHEPA University Hospital. Our patients based on clinical diagnosis were categorized into 3 groups: a) Neurodegenerative dementia (ND) consisted of 61 patients (mean age71±9) with Alzheimer's disease (AD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and mixed dementia, b) Vascular cognitive impairment VCI consisted 27 patients (mean age 70±7), and c) Normal group included 19 persons (mean age 64±7).
MR images and SPECT images were visually evaluated and grouped also into 3 categories: Neurodegenerative (ND) pattern, vascular impairment (VI) pattern and normal pattern.
The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value for MR imaging were72%, 98%, 97% and 77% and for SPECT 98%, 93%, 95% and 97% respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of visually evaluating MR images in the cases with mild stages of the disease was 47% and 95% and for SPECT 93% and 95% respectively. MRI helped us in detecting microangiopathies in our patients by showing white matter hyperintensities which can not be detected by SPECT.
We conclude that visually evaluating of MR images dose not contribute to the early detection of neurodegenerative dementia in contrast to SPECT but rather to distinguish vascular impairments. Hence the physician will need to compound these tools to obtain more accurate diagnosis.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.