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Depression among elderly patients in a General Hospital setting

With the overall increase of life expectancy, the population of individuals above the age of 65 has increased. Consequently, there is an increase in the frequency that this old age group is admitted in the General Hospital.

For the elderly patient, hospital admission is an intensely stressful event. Facing a physical illness, the unknown and sometimes faceless environment of the modern hospital and the separation from family and friends disturbs the frail emotional balance that characterizes the elderly patient. This “disturbance” of the physical, psychological and social wellbeing of the elderly is not restored by treating the physical reason for admission alone.

Psychiatric disorders are very common in these patients and depression is the most common. Findings from research worldwide will be presented as well as findings from our own prospective study in Attikon University Hospital.

The detection and treatment of psychiatric disorders in elderly General Hospital patients presents a challenge for the psychiatrist. Some factors hinder this effort. Firstly, the patients might be unable to cooperate because of hearing or sight problems but also because of forgetfulness and problems in concentration. The differential diagnosis especially of depression and its treatment have many difficulties.

All these emphasize the great need for training in old age psychiatry the General Hospital psychiatrists. There is also a great need for the detection of cognitive deficits and depression with easy to use screening tests in order to facilitate the psychiatrist's work.

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Correspondence to Lefteris Lykouras.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Lykouras, L. Depression among elderly patients in a General Hospital setting. Ann Gen Psychiatry 7, S20 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S20

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Keywords

  • Elderly Patient
  • Psychiatric Disorder
  • General Hospital
  • Social Wellbeing
  • Cognitive Deficit
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