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  • Open Access

Posttraumatic stress response symptoms and quality of life in breast cancer patients after mastectomy and stress reduction program

  • 1, 2
Annals of General Psychiatry20087 (Suppl 1) :S230

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S230

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Breast Cancer
  • Breast Cancer Patient
  • Posttraumatic Stress
  • Emotional Problem
  • Psychological Stress

Background

Posttraumatic stress is one of many psychological effects in breast cancer patients after mastectomy. Women fear mastectomy more than any surgery as believe, that after mastectomy they are expected with social problems (infringement of relations with the husband, loss of female appeal). Emotional problems are common after mastectomy, but patients differ in their vulnerability. Breast cancer patients experience enormous psychological stress after mastectomy, however, it is often unrecognized and untreated.

Materials and methods

The purpose of this study was to examine posttraumatic stress response symptoms and quality of life in breast cancer patients after mastectomy and stress reduction program. Women with recently diagnosed breast cancer (n=180) three days after surgery (mastectomy) completed the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), quality of life scale and questionnaires that measured posttraumatic stress. The patients' of the clinical group participated in a 4-week stress reduction program that combines supportive psychotherapy, patient and family education and alfa-massage.

Results

The results of this study indicated that high posttraumatic stress index was significantly associated with the caregiver's burden, the patient's young age, the patient's symptoms and poor perception of her health. This study has demonstrated that 4-week stress reduction program was effective in decreasing symptoms of stress and improving overall quality of life in breast cancer patients after mastectomy.

Conclusions

Stress reduction program is a clinically useful adjunct to offer in breast cancer patients after mastectomy.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Psychiatry, Odessa State Medical University, Odessa, Ukraine
(2)
Odessa Regional Cancer Hospital, Odessa, Ukraine

Copyright

© Sushko; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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