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Comparison of body fat in patients with schizophrenia and normal controls
© Fountoulakis et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
Published: 17 April 2008
Obesity, especially central, and the metabolic syndrome are highly prevalent in psychiatric patients. They are mostly attributed to the use of antipsychotic medication and to lifestyle habits and constitute a significant health concern since they seem to be risk factors for rather serious medical conditions.
Materials and methods
The study sample included 105 patients suffering from schizophrenia (44 females−41.91% and 61 males− 58.09%) aged 36.25±10.03 (range 19-69) and 156 normal control subjects (65 females−41.66% and 91 males− 58.34%) aged 36.03±11.33 (range 19-68). Clinical diagnosis was made according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Height, weight, waist circumference and number of cigarettes smoked daily were recorded. Duration of illness was calculated based on records concerning the age of first onset of psychotic symptoms. Body Surface Area (BSA) and Body Mass Index (BMI) were calculated as well as % body fat, with the use of LifeWiseTM Body Fat Analyzers No 63-1525.
The ANOVA results suggested a significant main effect regarding diagnosis and gender as well as for their interaction. Scheffe post hoc test demonstrated significant differences between patients and controls regarding body weight (women only, p=0.002), waist circumference (men p=0.002, women p<0.0001), BMI (women only, p<0.001), BSA (women only, p<0.01) and % body fat (women only, p=0.033), with patients being more obese. The patients also smoked more cigarettes daily (men p=0.002, women p=0.016)
The results of the present study corroborate the increased prevalence of obesity in schizophrenic patients, especially female. The interpretation of this finding remains unclear.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.