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  • Open Access

How prevalent are mental disorders in developing countries?

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Annals of General Psychiatry20087(Suppl 1):S31

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S31

Published: 17 April 2008

Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Alcohol
  • General Population
  • Mental Disorder
  • Substance Abuse

Background

A national epidemiologic survey was conducted in Morocco in 2003-2004 in order to assess the prevalence of mental disorders in a representative sample of the general population.

Methods and subjects

About 5,600 persons accepted to be interviewed. The instrument used was the M.I.N.I. in its colloquial Moroccan Arabic, which was validated in a previous study.

Results

The point prevalence of mental disorders was as follows: depressive disorders: 26.5%; suicidal ideation: 16.6%; bipolar disorder: 3.2%; Panic disorder: 6.6%; Social phobia: 6.3%; OCD: 6.6%; PTSD: 2.1%; alcohol dependence: 1.4%; substance abuse: 3.0%; GAD: 9.3%.

All in all, about 48.9% of the sample showed one or another mental disorder. Comparisons will be shown with the same instruments in some European and some African countries.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Ibn Rushd University Psychiatric Center, Casablanca, Morocco

Copyright

© Moussaoui and Kadri; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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