Skip to main content
  • Poster presentation
  • Open access
  • Published:

Nicotine addiction among physicians in Greece


Physicians are highly respected in their communities acting as role models in issues related to health, and people turn to them for advice and consultation. For this reason, they are very important in advancing any tobacco control policies. According to a recent study overall, 38.6% of the Greek physicians (40% of men; 37% of women) currently smoke. Our pilot study tries to establish an estimate of the prevalence of nicotine dependence among smoking physicians as well as other health professionals in Greece.

Materials and methods

Anonymous standardized questionnaires including Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) consisted of 6 items, were distributed to 75 practicing physicians (all smokers) in three cities in South-western Greece. In addition, there were other questions regarding demographic characteristics and awareness of the dangers of smoking. Doctors were visited at their working places (hospitals, private clinics, teaching hospitals) during one month period in 2007.


Of those who reported smoking as “just a habit”, 30,7 % (23 of 75) scored > 6 on the FTND subscale. Scores FTND>6 indicate “Nicotine Dependance”. There were significant differences on demographic subscales between those presenting with or without nicotine addiction (i.e age, years of smoking and family conditions).


An extrapolation of our results to encompass all physicians in Greece would be reasonable, since physicians are a rather homogeneous group in this country. Our results are especially alarming because anti-smoking campaigns are usually more successful in doctors than in the general population.


  1. Bellagio Statement on Tobacco and Sustainable Development. Tobacco Control. 1994, 3: 358-61.

  2. Nelson DE, Giovino GA, Emont SE: Trends in cigarette smoking among US physicians and nurses. JAMA. 1994, 271: 1273-5. 10.1001/jama.271.16.1273.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Heatherton TF, Kozlowski LT, Frecker RC, Fagerstrom KO: The Fagerstrom Test for Nictoine Dependence: A revision of the Fagerstrom Tolerance questionnaire. British Journal of Addictions. 1991, 86: 1119-27. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1991.tb01879.x.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Sotiropoulos A, Gikas A, Spanou E, Dimitrelos D, Karakostas F, Skliros E, Apostolou O, Politakis P, Pappas S: Smoking habits and associated factors among Greek Physicians. Public Health. 121: 333-340. 10.1016/j.puhe.2006.10.013.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Papadopoulos, A., Katsardi, M. & Koutsojannis, C. Nicotine addiction among physicians in Greece. Ann Gen Psychiatry 7 (Suppl 1), S340 (2008).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: