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Detecting higher cortical function in patients with pervasive vegetative or minimally conscious state with qEEG coherence
© Angelakis et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
Published: 17 April 2008
Patients with Pervasive Vegetative State (PVS) or Minimally Conscious State (MCS) seem isolated from the external environment, mostly based on evidence from their inability to respond.
It is possible that some of these patients suffer from motor deficits that deprive them the ability to express themselves, but have some remaining perceptual abilities that cannot be observed. To date, such perceptual abilities have been detected with the use of Event Related Potentials (ERPs). The present study presents pilot data of an alternative method with the use of electroencephalic (EEG) coherence.
Materials and methods
Electroencephalic coherence was calculated for digitized EEG recordings from four patients with Pervasive Vegetative State (PVS) or Minimally Conscious State (MCS), while the patients listened to lists of words with personally related or unrelated content.
Three out of four patients showed similar patterns of EEG coherence reactivity to the personally related words.
The present pilot data suggest that EEG coherence may be a simple but sensitive tool to detect higher cognitive functions in seemingly unresponsive patients.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.