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Innovative drug treatment in depression

Although there is no doubt about its efficiency, pharmacotherapy of depression still faces several problems that have to be focused upon and hopefully solved. Besides the problem of drug-resistant depression, over the last decade the view has become increasingly widespread that achieving remission is just as important as only response. Follow-up data show very clearly that non-remitters have a much higher risk of relapse/recurrence or even chronicity than remitters. The problems of under-diagnosis and under-treatment of depression also need to be addressed.

As for the near future, there is great hope that new mechanisms of action can overcome the limitations of the traditional and current antidepressant medications. Unfortunately, some of the recent developments that raised the most interest either turned out to be less effective than hoped, such as the substance P antagonists, or did not yet lead to a drug likely to be marketed in the near future, such as CRF antagonists, for example. On the other hand the first melatonergic antidepressant, agomelatine, is a successful new development. Agomelatine is a melatonergic MT1 and MT2 receptor agonist with 5-HT2C receptor antagonistic properties, and has shown antidepressant efficacy and favourable tolerability in several clinical trials on patients with major depression.

Drug development is evolving fast and is aided by improved brain imaging techniques, better animal models, and an increased knowledge of genetic markers. Hopefully this will result in a change in the pharmacotherapy of depression and psychiatric diseases in general, not on short term, but certainly in the next 50 years.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Mφller, HJ. Innovative drug treatment in depression. Ann Gen Psychiatry 7, S71 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S71

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S71

Keywords

  • Receptor Agonist
  • Major Depression
  • Genetic Marker
  • Drug Development
  • Brain Imaging