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Table 3 Characteristics of schizophrenia patients who showed improved recovery at the end of 10-year follow-up study period (n = 61)

From: The abilities of improved schizophrenia patients to work and live independently in the community: a 10-year long-term outcome study from Mumbai, India

Characteristics of schizophrenia patients Mean or frequency (SD or %) Range 95% Confidence intervals (%)
Male gender 43.0 (70.5%) - 57.4 to 81.5
Male age (years) 42.0 (7.1) 22 to 58 39.7 to 44.2
Female gender 18.0 (29.5%) - 18.5 to 42.6
Female age (years) 41.5 (8.0) 28 to 55 37.5 to 45.5
PANSS 49.4 (8.2) 31 to 68 47.3 to 51.5
Positive symptoms 8.0 (3.9) 2 to 20 7.0 to 9.0
Negative symptoms 10.1 (7.5) 1 to 27 8.2 to 12.0
General psychopathology 31.0 (12.7) 6 to 57 27.7 to 34.3
HDRS 12.5 (5.3) 4 to 24 11.1 to 13.9
GAF 78.3 (12.2) 45 to 98 75.2 to 81.5
QOL 76.2 (11.5) 46 to 98 73.2 to 79.1
Status of employment (>3) 24.0 (40.0%)   27.6 to 53.5
Independent living (>3) 43.0 (72.9%)   59.7 to 83.6
BG 98.4 (12.8) 78 to 128 95.1 to 101.7
WMS 90.3 (12.2) 68 to 117 87.1 to 93.4
  1. BG = Bender-Gestalt test; GAF = Global Assessment of Functioning; HDRS = Hamilton Depression Rating Scale; PANSS = Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale; QOL = Quality of Life; SD = Standard Deviation; WMS = Wechsler Memory Scale.