Skip to content

Advertisement

Open Access

Evaluating the effect of aquatic extraction of Cannabis sativa seed on spatial memory consolidation

  • Saeedeh Ebrahimpour1,
  • Maryam Tehranipour1 and
  • Morteza Behnam2
Annals of General Psychiatry20109(Suppl 1):S143

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-9-S1-S143

Published: 22 April 2010

Keywords

Nervous SystemCentral Nervous SystemLearning ProcessPhysiological FunctionResearch Finding

Background

The existence of an endocannabinoid system in the central nervous system that consists of G protein-coupled CB1 cannabinoid receptor and endocannabinoids, including arachidonylethanolamide and anandamideand 2-rachidonoylglycerol, has gained general acceptance. Recent reports suggest that this system may serve several physiological functions thus, this research has tried to examine the research is the role of Tetrahyrocannabinol on learning process and spatial memory consolidation.

Materials and methods

40 male wistar rats (3-4 month, 320-260 g) were completely divided into 4 experimental groups and control group. Cannabis sativa seed was extracted with Soxhlet apparatus. To test spatial memory, Morris water mazemaze (7 days,4 trails) was used experimental groups with 50 mg.kg-1, 100 mg.kg-1, 150 mg.kg-1,210 mg.kg-1 were injected in the peritoneal (IP) respectively and after one hour of injection spatial memory was done.

Results

The results show that experimental groups (50 mg.kg-1,100 mg.kg-1,150 mg.kg-1 doses), for learning time have significant level deduction in the comparison of controlgroup (p < 0.05), but experimental group with 210 mg.kg-1 dose has not significant level in the comparison of control group (p < 0.05).

Conclusions

The research findings show that, Cannabinoid components Injected dose dependent, can be effective on memory and learning processes in Morris water maze test.

Declarations

Acknowledgements

We thank Dr Heravi and Mr Kazaemi form money support and Azad university of Mashhad, Department of PHysiology from prepare Maze and Materials.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran
(2)
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

References

  1. Kyari M: Extraction and characterization of seed oils. Agrophysics. 2008, 22: 139-142.Google Scholar
  2. Varvel SA, Lichtman AH: Evaluation of CB1 Receptor Knockout Mice in the Morris Water Maze. Pharmacology and experimental Therapeutics. 2002, 30: 915-924. 10.1124/jpet.301.3.915.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  3. Hooge R, DeDeyn P: Applications of the Morris water maze in the study of learning and memory. Brain Rev. 2001, 36: 60-90. 10.1016/S0165-0173(01)00067-4.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  4. Kawamura Y, Fukaya M: The CB1 Cannabinoid receptor is the major Cannabinoid receptor at excitatory presynaptic sites in the Hippocampus and cerebellum. Eur neuroscience. 2006, 26 (11): 2991-3001.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Ebrahimpour et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

Advertisement