Dominant temperament traits among the inmate population: a comparative study
© Donchev et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
Published: 22 April 2010
Multiple studies document specific personality traits, relatively homogeneous in the structural aspect. We attempt to extrapolate a purely psychological examination approach, applying the clinical conceptualizations of H. Akiskal. This study aims to asses the existence of statistically significant differences between the TEMPS-A scale ratings of subjects serving a prison sentence and a control group.
Materials and methods
We examined a total of 148 patients divided into 2 groups, balanced in quantity and gender: an experimental (prison inmates) (N = 74) and a control group (N = 74). The experimental group included subjects serving sentences in penitentiary institutions within the Republic of Bulgaria's territory. The control group was randomly selected. The TEMPS-A scale was applied to subjects in both groups.
We found statistically significant differences between the average values in the two groups regarding all scales except for the Hyperthymic temperament.
The Hyperthimic temperament does not have a specific prognostic value regarding criminal behavior. This temperament can be expected to reflect the degree of adaptation. A question stands as to whether the TEMPS-A scales describe the temperament of premorbid personality or can register changes in the structure of personality as a consequence of substance abuse.
- Roberts A, Min Y, Tianqiang Z, Coid J: Personality disorder, temperament, and childhood adversity: findings from a cohort of prisoners in England and Wales. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology. 2008, 19 (4):Google Scholar
- Engström G, Persson B, Levander S: Temperament traits in male suicide attempters and violent offenders. European Psychiatry. 1999, 14 (5): 10.1016/S0924-9338(99)00170-4.Google Scholar
- Giotakos O, Vaidakis N, Markianos M, Spandoni P, Christodoulou GN: Temperament and character dimensions of sex offenders in relation to their parental rearing. Sexual and Relationship Therapy. 2004, 19 (2): 10.1080/14681990410001691352.Google Scholar
- Richter J, Krecklow B, Eisemann M: Interrelations between temperament, character, and parental rearing among delinquent adolescents: A cross-validation. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2002, 43 (3): 10.1053/comp.2002.32351.Google Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.