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  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

Dominant temperament traits among the inmate population: a comparative study

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 4 and
  • 5, 6
Annals of General Psychiatry20109 (Suppl 1) :S186

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-9-S1-S186

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Substance Abuse
  • Personality Trait
  • Multiple Study
  • Criminal Behavior

Background

Multiple studies document specific personality traits, relatively homogeneous in the structural aspect. We attempt to extrapolate a purely psychological examination approach, applying the clinical conceptualizations of H. Akiskal. This study aims to asses the existence of statistically significant differences between the TEMPS-A scale ratings of subjects serving a prison sentence and a control group.

Materials and methods

We examined a total of 148 patients divided into 2 groups, balanced in quantity and gender: an experimental (prison inmates) (N = 74) and a control group (N = 74). The experimental group included subjects serving sentences in penitentiary institutions within the Republic of Bulgaria's territory. The control group was randomly selected. The TEMPS-A scale was applied to subjects in both groups.

Results

We found statistically significant differences between the average values in the two groups regarding all scales except for the Hyperthymic temperament.

Conclusions

The Hyperthimic temperament does not have a specific prognostic value regarding criminal behavior. This temperament can be expected to reflect the degree of adaptation. A question stands as to whether the TEMPS-A scales describe the temperament of premorbid personality or can register changes in the structure of personality as a consequence of substance abuse.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Clinic of Psychiatry, Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria
(2)
Medical University - Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
(3)
Head of Department of Psychiatry, Medical University - Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
(4)
National Center for Public Health Protection, Sofia, Bulgaria
(5)
International Mood Center, University of California at San Diego, California, USA
(6)
The San Diego Veterans Administration Medical Center, USA

References

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Copyright

© Donchev et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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