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Medication treatment of alcohol use disorders in veterans with Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C viral infection (HCV) is the most common chronic blood borne viral infection in the world and in the United States affects approximately 1.8% of the general population. The prevalence of hepatitis C viral infection (HCV) is 3-4 times higher among veterans who use VA services than the general population rate of 1.8% and is estimated to be approximately 5 to 6%. A national VA study found that over 75% of veterans had some Substance Use Disorder. At the Portland VAMC, 57.6% (n = 783) of veterans with HCV recently seen in the hepatology clinic reported consuming alcohol in the past year and approximately 25% reported heavy alcohol use (AUDIT C score of 4 or greater).

Alcohol use and HCV are thought to act synergistically to accelerate liver damage and cirrhosis. Several studies show heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of fibrosis progression as well as the risk of end stage liver disease and cirrhosis in HCV patients. Among them Corrao and Arico (1998) found, among all patients who do not drink alcohol, HCV-infected patients are 9.2 times more likely to develop liver cirrhosis than non-HCV-infected patients. They also found that there is a dose-dependent relationship between lifetime daily alcohol intake, HCV infection, and risk of developing cirrhosis. Compared to HCV patients who do not drink, the risk of cirrhosis was three times higher in HCV patients who drank 75 to 100 grams per day, 16 times higher in HCV patients who drank ≥175 grams per day of alcohol than HCV patients who did not drink and over 140 times higher than people who did not have HCV or drink alcohol.

Effective treatments for alcohol use have not been studied in patients chronically infected with HCV and current FDA-approved medications for AUD can adversely affect the liver and are generally not well tolerated. The presentation will review current FDA -approved as well as off-label use medication studies for Alcohol Use Disorders and their utility for people who have hepatitis C and co-morbid Alcohol Use Disorders. The various treatment options will be discussed.

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Correspondence to Peter Hauser.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hauser, P. Medication treatment of alcohol use disorders in veterans with Hepatitis C. Ann Gen Psychiatry 9, S80 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-9-S1-S80

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Keywords

  • Liver Cirrhosis
  • Heavy Alcohol
  • Fibrosis Progression
  • Heavy Alcohol Consumption
  • Daily Alcohol Intake