Skip to main content

Table 2 Impact of attachment, parenting, and ADHD symptoms on emotion processing and alexithymia in the total sample

From: Attachment, recalled parental rearing, and ADHD symptoms predict emotion processing and alexithymia in adults with ADHD

Dependent variable (emotion processing) Independent variablesa (attachment, parenting memories, ADHD symptoms, sex, age, education, and group) β/t/p ANOVA/R 2
Acceptance of own emotions (EES) Secure (vs. anxious) in relation to partner (RASA) 0.25/1.7/0.010 df = 3; F = 4.8; p < 0.01/R 2 = 0.22
Education −0.26/−1.8/0.074
Group 0.25/1.7/0.089
Experiencing being flooded with emotions (EES) Secure (vs. anxious) in relation to partner (RASA) −0.20/−2.1/0.045 df = 4; F = 19.2; p < 0.001/R 2 = 0.61
Emotional warmth of mother (QRPRB) 0.17/1.7/0.096
Childhood ADHD symptoms (WURS-k) 0.60/5.7/0.000
Sex −0.39/−4.3/0.000
Experiencing emotion regulation (EES) Secure (vs. anxious) in relation to mother (RASA) −0.40/−3.1/0.003 df = 9; F = 5.0; p < 0.001/R 2 = 0.51
Secure (vs. anxious) in relation to partner (RASA) 0.53/3.8/0.000
Depend. (vs. independ.) in relation to partner (RASA) −0.22/−1.7/0.100
Feeling comfortable depending on others (AAS) −0.33/−2.0/0.057
Rejection and punishment by mother (QRPRB) −0.40/−2.6/0.015
Emotional warmth of father (QRPRB) 0.39/2.9/0.006
Childhood ADHD symptoms (WURS-k) 0.39/1.9/0.064
Current inattentiveness (ADHD-SR) −0.33/−1.8/0.071
Education −0.26/−1.9/0.063
Experiencing self-control (EES) Depend. (vs. independ.) in relation to mother (RASA) −0.26/−2.2/0.032 df = 5; F = 7.2; p < 0.001/R 2 = 0.43
Feeling comfortable with closeness and intimacy (AAS) 0.43/2.8/0.008
Current hyperactivity (ADHD-SR) −0.65/−1.7/0.095
Current impulsivity (ADHD-SR) −0.66/−2.7/0.095
Current ADHD symptomatology (total) (ADHD-SR) 1.02/2.3/0.025
Alexithymia (TAS-20) Secure (vs. anxious) in relation to partner (RASA) −0.53/−4.3/0.000 df = 3; F = 8.1; p < 0.001/R 2 = 0.33
Anxiety about rejection or abandonment (AAS) −0.29/−2.1/0.046
Emotional warmth of father (QRPRB) 0.31/2.1/0.039
  1. aCollinearity statistics indicated that the independent variables did not explain each other (all variables with a tolerance >0.1 and a variance inflation factor <10)