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Table 3 Item scores on Beck Suicide Intention Scale according to diagnostic group

From: Lower suicide intention in patients with personality disorders admitted for deliberate self-poisoning than in patients with other diagnoses

  F60-69 personality disorders (n = 25)% Other diagnoses (F30-39 affective disorders, F10-19 substance use disorders, F40-49 anxiety disorders and unknown psychiatric diagnoses combined) (n = 86)% p value
Part 1
 Circumstances section
  Isolation
   Someone present 12 22  
   Someone nearby 8 29  
   Alone 80 49 0.19
  Arranged to avoid interference
   Probable 40 42  
   Improbable 28 35  
   Highly improbable 32 23 0.644
  Precautions against being discovered
   None 68 57  
   Passive 28 27  
   Active (e.g. locked door) 4 16 0.277
  Contacted someone to tell
   Contacted someone 71 45  
   Contacted but did not tell 13 16  
   Did not contact anyone 17 38 0.74
  Pre-arrangements for death
   None 72 81  
   Thought about it 16 14  
   Performed pre-arrangements (will, gave away jewellery etc.) 12 5 0.381
  Degree of planning
   None 68 66  
   Minimal to moderate 32 29  
   Detailed 0 5 0.541
  Suicide note
   Did not write 64 63  
   Thought about it 8 8  
   Wrote note or letter 28 29 0.994
  Communicated intention with the act
   None 48 61  
   Unclear/indirectly 12 24  
   Clearly 40 16 0.026*
Part 2
 Patients’ own reconstruction of their feelings and thoughts
  Intention with the act
   Influence others 24 10.5  
   Temporary rest/relief 52 37  
   To die 24 52 0.029*
  Expected consequences
   Death not probable or did not think about it 44 22  
   Death possible 44 40  
   Death probable 13 38 0.035*
  Perceptions of lethality
   Less than lethal 54 33  
   Uncertain 33 32  
   Lethal 13 35 0.055
  Seriousness of the attempt
   Not serious 30 21  
   Uncertain 52 28  
   Serious 17 51 0.013*
  Ambivalence of living/dying
   Wanted to live 29 20  
   Did not care 50 37  
   Wanted to die 21 43 0.139
  Perceptions of reversibility
   Death improbable if received help 54 33  
   Uncertain 13 17  
   Certain of dying or did not think about it 33 51 0.164
  Degree of intention
   None, impulsive 67 60  
   Planned less than 3 h before intake 17 19  
   Planned more than 3 h before intake 17 21 0.831
  1. The beck suicide intention interview was not performed for all the patients, and therefore, the numbers are lower in the comparison group
  2. * Significant p-value