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Table 2 Association of general characteristics of participants with stress status

From: Depression is related to dietary diversity score in women: a cross-sectional study from a developing country

Characteristics Stress status F df a df b p value p trend
Normal
(n = 267)
M ± SD or n (%)
Mild/moderate
(n = 70)
M ± SD or n (%)
Severe
(n = 23)
M ± SD or n (%)
DASS (score) for stress 6.7 ± 4.0 19.2 ± 3.0 30.9 ± 4.2      
Age (years) 32.5 ± 6.4 30.9 ± 6.3 31.1 ± 4.1 2.2* 2 357 0.01** 0.6
Education (years) 11.5 ± 3.3 11 ± 2.9 10.2 ± 3.1 2.1* 2 357 0.1** 0.003
Weight (kg) 67.2 ± 9.8 66.9 ± 10.6 69.3 ± 9.9 0.5* 2 357 0.6** 0.3
Height (cm) 158.5 ± 5.3 158.9 ± 5.2 160.4 ± 4.7 1.5* 2 357 0.2** 0.1
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.8 ± 3.6 26.5 ± 3.9 26.9 ± 3.7 0.2* 2 357 0.8** 0.6
Energy (kcal) 1724.1 ± 702.8 1734.3 ± 701.3 1597.7 ± 991.3 0.3* 2 357 0.7** 0.6
Marital status         
 Married 249 (93.3) 61 (87.1) 22 (95.7)   2   0.2***  
 Unmarried 18 (6.7) 9 (12.9) 1 (4.3)      
Household income (Toman)
 < 500,000 24 (9.2) 10 (14.3) 3 (13)   4   0.01***  
 500,000–1,000,000 152 (58) 41 (58.6) 20 (87)      
 ≥ 1,000,000 86 (32.9) 19 (27.1) 0 (0)      
Dietary supplement use
 Noc 214 (80.1) 54 (77.1) 16 (69.6)   2   0.4***  
 Yesd 53 (19.9) 16 (22.9) 7 (30.4)      
Physical activity
 Low 148 (55.4) 41 (58.6) 14 (60.9)   4   0.01***  
 Moderate 105 (39.3) 21 (30) 4 (17.4)      
 High 14 (5.2) 8 (11.4) 5 (21.7)      
  1. DASS depression, anxiety, stress scales
  2. F for ANOVA test
  3. ** p value is for ANOVA test, p < 0.05 is statistically significant
  4. *** p value is for X 2 test, p < 0.05 is statistically significant
  5. aBetween groups df
  6. bWithin groups df
  7. cLess than three times per week
  8. dThree or more times per week