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Table 1 Psychopathological severity in HUD and GD patients

From: Psychopathology of addiction: Can the SCL90-based five-dimensional structure differentiate Heroin Use Disorder from a non-substance-related addictive disorder such as Gambling Disorder?

  HUD patients N = 972 GD patients N = 110 t p DF
M ± sd M ± sd
Total SCL-90 severity 89.85 ± 57.3 52.77 ± 39.2 7.03 < 0.001  
Global Severity Index 1.00 ± 00.6 0.59 ± 00.4 7.08 < 0.001  
PST, number of 48.79 ± 18.5 31.43 ± 17.4 9.84 < 0.001  
PSDI severity 1.73 ± 00.5 1.54 ± 00.4 3.87 < 0.001  
Psychopathological dimensions
 1-Worthlessness-Being trapped 1.22 ± 0.8 0.83 ± 0.7 5.69 < 0.001 − 0.45
 2-Somatic Symptoms 1.29 ± 0.8 0.64 ± 0.5 8.55 < 0.001 0.93
 3-Sensitivity-Psychoticism 0.83 ± 0.6 0.51 ± 0.4 5.08 < 0.001  
 4-Panic Anxiety 0.46 ± 0.6 0.21 ± 0.3 4.42 < 0.001  
 5-Violence-Suicide 0.98 ± 0.7 0.46 ± 0.4 7.12 < 0.001 0.51
 Centroids 0.09 − 0.82    
  1. HUD Heroin Use Disorder, GD Gambling Disorder, PST positively rated items (number of), PSDI positive symptom distress index, DF Discriminant function
  2. Statistics: Lambda = 0.92; Chi square = 80.49; df = 5; p = < 0.001; 62.8% of original grouped cases correctly classified