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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: A systematic review and meta-analysis of gender difference in epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections in people with severe mental illness

Author (year) (reference number) Country Sample size Infectious disease Prevalence
Klinkenberg et al. (2003) [2] USA 172 HIV Overall 6.2% (n/N = 11/172) Men 6.72% (n/N = 9/134) Women 5.26 (n/N = 2/38)
Hung et al. (2012) [7] China 590 HBV and HCV Overall HBV 10.4% (n/N = 59/590) HBV men 14.4% (n/N = 43/299) HBV women 7.50% (n/N = 16/212) Overall HCV 1.9% (n/N = 11/588) HCV men 2.6% (n/N = 9/337) HCV women 0.8% (n/N = 2/240)
Tharyan et al. (2003) [29] India 1160 HIV Overall 1.34% (n/N = 12/1160) Men 1.7 (11/663) Women 0.2 (1/497)
Singh et al. (2014) [8] USA 206 HIV Overall B29.1% (n/N = 60/206) Men 20.34 (n/N = 24/118) Women 40.1% (n/N = 36/88)
Kilbourne et al. (2004) [22] USA 4310 HCV Overall 5.9% (n/N = 252/4310) Men 6.23 (n/N = 242/3879) Women 2.33% (n/N = 10/431)
  HIV Overall 0.8% (n/N = 35/4310) Men 0.88 (n/N = 34/3879) Women 0.23% (n/N = 1/431)
Siberstein et al. (2017) [22] USA 117 HIV Overall 23% (n/N = 27/117) Men 23.53% (n/N = 24/102) Women 20% (n/N = 3/15)
Cournos et al. (1991) [24] USA 962 HIV Overall 5.2% (n/N = 50/962) Men 5.2% (n/N = 29/563) Women 5.3% (n/N = 21/399)
Stanley et al. (2016) [11] Lebanon 755 HIV Overall 3% (n/N = 23/755) Men 3.1% (n/N = 16/512) Women 2.9% (n/N = 7/243)
HBV and HCV HCV Overall 14% (n/N = 109/755) Men 17.58 (n/N = 90/512) Women 7.8% (n/N = 19/243) Overall HBV 19% (n/N = 141/755)
Butterfield et al. (2003) [14] USA 777 HCV Overall 16.1% (n/N = 122/777) Men 19.8% (n/N = 98/526) Women 9.8% (n/N = 24/251)
Pamela et al. (2017) [13] South Africa 151 HIV Overall 26.5 (n/N = 40/151) Men 19.7% (n/N = 15/76) Women 33.3% (n/N = 25/75)
Maling et al. (2011) [27] Uganda 622 HIV Overall 18.4% (n/N = 50/272) Men 9.6% (n/N = 15/156) Women 30.2% (n/N = 35/116)
Lumberg et al. (2014) [28] Uganda 602 HIV Overall 11.3% (n/N = 68/602) Men 7.3% (n/N = 19/259) Women 14.3% (n/N = 49/343)
Nardo Di (1995) [10] Italy 206 HBV and HCV Overall HBV 47.5% (n/N = 97/206) HBV men 51.5% (n/N = 69/135) HBV women 39.44% (n/N = 28/71) Overall HCV 10.1% (n/N = 22/206) HCV men 8.9% (n/N = 12/135) HCV women 14.1% (n/N = 10/71)
Esquivel et al. (2005) [30] Mexico 99 HBV Overall 12.12% (n/N = 12/99) Men 13.04% (n/N = 9/69) Women 10% (n/N = 3/30)
Said et al. (2001) [9] Jordan 188 HBV Overall 7.45% (n/N = 14/188) Men 43% (n/N = 10/106) Women 4.88% (n/N = 4/82)
Empfield et al. (1993) [21] USA 203 HIV Overall 6.4% (n/N = 13/203) Men 6.5% (n/N = 10/146) Women 5.3% (n/N = 3/57)
Susser et al. (2015) [25] USA 62 HIV Men 19.4% (n/N = 12/62)
Stewart et al. (1994) [26] USA 533 HIV Overall 5.85% (n/N = 31/530) Men 5% (n/N = 17/339) Women 7.3% (n/N = 14/191)