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Table 5 Relation of khat chewing with risky sexual behaviors among study participants, Bahir Dar City administration, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017

From: Chewing khat and risky sexual behavior among residents of Bahir Dar City administration, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Category Having extra sexual partner (married) ever had sexual intercourse (single) Having sexual intercourse within last 12 months (single) sexual partners No condom use Inconsistent condom use Pornographic film watching Self-reported STIs
Sex Male 2.0 (1.0–3.8) 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 1.5 (0.7–3.1) 2.1 (1.2–3.8)   0.6 (0.3–1.2) 0.25** 2.8 (1.6–5.1)
Female 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00   1.00
Age 18–24 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.37** 1.00
25–34 1.0 (0.4–2.5) 3.2 (2.0–5.1) 1.6 (0.8–3.5) 1.1 (0.6–2.0) 0.8 (0.4–1.6) 1.1 (0.6–2.3)   1.7 (0.9–3.1)
>35 0.8 (0.3–2.1) 4.4 (1.7–11.5) 1.2 (0.4–3.8) 4.1 (1.5–11.2) 0.6 (0.2–1.4) 0.6 (0.2–2.0)   1.4 (0.7–2.7)
Chewing khat Yes 2.2 (1.1–4.2) 2.0 (1.2–3.2) 1.5 (0.7–3.1) 1.2 (0.7–2.0) 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 1.1 (0.6–2.2) 3.9 (1.3–12.3) 8.1 (4.7–14.0)
No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Alcohol use Yes 2.1 (1.1–3.9) 3.0 (1.9–4.6) 1.5 (0.8–3.0) 1.2 (0.7–2.0) 1.7 (0.9–3.0) 1.1 (0.5–2.1) 4.4 (1.2–15.5) 2.2 (1.3–3.7)
No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Sex* Male 1.4 (0.7–2.9) 0.4 (0.2–0.7) NA 2.4 (1.2–4.8) 1.6 (0.8–3.0) NA NA 1.2 (0.6–2.3)
Female 1.00 1.00   1.00 1.00    1.00
Age* 18–24 1.00 1.00   1.00 1.00    1.00
25–34 0.7 (0.3–2.0) 3.1 (1.9–5.0) NA 1.0 (0.6–1.9) 0.8 (0.4–1.5) NA NA 1.2 (0.6–2.4)
>35 0.7 (0.3–1.9) 3.4 (1.3–9.3)   4.0 (1.4–11.2) 0.5 (0.2–1.3)    1.5 (0.7–3.1)
Chewing khat* Yes 2.2 (1.1–4.6) 2.5 (1.4–4.3) NA 0.8 (0.4–1.6) NA NA 4.0 (1.3–12.8) 8.3 (4.6–15.1)
No 1.00 1.00   1.00    1.00
Alcohol use* Yes 2.1 (1.1–4.2) 3.2 (2.0–5.3) NA 0.9 (0.5–1.7) 1.5 (0.8–2.9) NA 4.5 (1.2–16.1) 2.6 (1.4–4.5)
No 1.00 1.00   1.00 1.00   1.00
  1. NB: Italic indicates significant value
  2. NA not applicable
  3. * Adjusted OR (95% CI)
  4. ** Fisher’s Exact Test