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Table 1 Characteristics of the total sample (n = 1467)

From: Validity of the PHQ-9 and PHQ-2 to screen for depression in nationwide primary care population in Latvia

  Latvian Russian
% (n) % (n)
Total 100 (912) 100 (555)
Lifetime depression 27.6 (252) 28.7 (159)
Past only depression 19.0 (173) 16.4 (91)
Current depression 8.7 (79) 12.3 (68)
Gender
Male 30.7 (280) 30.3 (168)
Female 69.3 (632) 69.7 (387)
Age groups
18–34 17.7 (161) 8.7 (48)
35–54 30.6 (279) 31.7 (176)
55–64 22.3 (203) 26.3 (146)
65+ 29.5 (269) 33.3 (185)
Education
Primary or less 16.2 (148) 15.4 (78)
Secondary 53.4 (487) 54.3 (310)
Higher than secondary 29.8 (272) 29.7 (164)
No answer 0.6 (5) 0.6 (3)
Socioeconomic status
Above average 5.2 (47) 4.3 (24)
Average 71.3 (650) 60.9 (338)
Below average 23.5 (214) 34.8 (193)
No answer 0.1 (1) 0.0 (0)