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Table 4 A Bivariate and multi-variable Logistic Regression analysis table that shows the associations between mental distress and it’s socio-demographic and substance-related factors among Wollo university regular undergraduate students, Dessie, Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 548)

From: Socio-demographic and substance-related factors associated with mental distress among Wollo university students: institution-based cross-sectional study

Independent variablesCategoryMental distressCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
YesNo
Age in yearsBelow mean (< 21)50155ReferenceReference
Above mean (≥ 21)562870.6 (0.39, 0.93)0.52 (0.32, 0.85)
M89 Department of choicePreferred72351ReferenceReference
Not preferred34910.55 (0.34, 0.88)0.7 (0.35, 1.42)
CGPA≥ 3.169244ReferenceReference
≤ 3.00371980.66 (0.42, 1.03)0.62 (0.38, 1.01)
Having close friendsYes79362ReferenceReference
No27801.5 (0.94,2.55)1.54 (0.88, 2.71)
Frequency of attending a place of worshipDaily45200ReferenceReference
2-3 times/week171270.59 (0.33, 1.08)0.47 (0.24, 0.89)
Once a week16541.32 (0.69, 2.51)0.87 (0.43, 1.79)
Less than a week11481.02 (0.49, 2.12)0.69 (0.31, 1.54)
Never17135.8 (2.63, 12.82)4.2 (1.73, 10.39)**
Family hx of MIYes22482.2 (1.22, 3.75)2.1 (1.12, 3.95)*
No84394ReferenceReference
Current cigarette smokingYes32305.9 (3.41, 10.36)3.2 (1.69, 6.20)***
No74412ReferenceReference
Current alcohol useYes48923.0 (1.94, 4.74)2.5 (1.49, 4.25)***
No59350ReferenceReference
Current cannabis useYes1396.7 (2.79, 16.19)3.4 (1.18, 9.57)*
No93433ReferenceReference
  1. CGPA cumulative grade point average, Family hx of MI family history of mental illness
  2. Hosmer and lemshow goodness of fit test: chi-square = 3.85, df = 7 and p-value = 0.79
  3. * Significant at p-value < 0.05 in multi-variable logistic regression
  4. ** Significant at p-value < 0.01 in multi-variable logistic regression
  5. *** Significant at p-value < 0.001 in multi-variable logistic regression