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Table 1 Characteristics of rural elderly by gender

From: Gender difference in suicidal ideation and related factors among rural elderly: a cross-sectional study in Shandong, China

CharacteristicsTotal N (%)Male N (%)Female N (%)χ2/tP value
Observations55142366 (42.9)3148 (57.1)  
Suicidal ideation   28.535< 0.001
 No5089 (92.3)2236 (94.5)2853 (90.6)  
 Yes425 (7.7)130 (5.5)295 (9.4)  
Age   21.988< 0.001
 60~2964 (53.8)1195 (50.5)1769 (56.2)  
 70~2063 (37.4)968 (40.9)1095 (34.8)  
 80~487 (8.8)203 (8.6)284 (9.0)  
Marital status   82.862< 0.001
 Married4454 (80.8)2043 (86.3)2411 (76.6)  
 Others1060 (19.2)323 (13.7)737 (23.4)  
Education level   749.074< 0.001
 Illiterate2164 (39.2)477 (20.2)1687 (53.6)  
 Primary school2277 (41.3)1140 (48.2)1137 (36.1)  
 Junior school or above1073 (19.5)749 (31.7)324 (10.3)  
Self-rated economic   16.279< 0.001
 Good856 (15.5)421 (17.8)435 (13.8)  
 Moderate or poor4658 (84.5)1945 (82.2)2713 (86.2)  
Debts   3.5640.059
 No5204 (94.4)2217 (93.7)2987 (94.9)  
 Yes310 (5.6)149 (6.3)161 (5.1)  
Self-rated health   19.989< 0.001
 Good2878 (52.2)1317 (55.7)1561 (49.6)  
 Moderate or bad2636 (47.8)1049 (44.3)1587 (50.4)  
NCDs   52.919< 0.001
 No1718 (31.2)861 (36.4)857 (27.2)  
 Yes3796 (68.8)1505 (63.6)2291 (72.8)  
ADL   28.962< 0.001
 Normal4096 (74.3)1844 (77.9)2252 (71.5)  
 Disabled1418 (25.7)522 (22.1)896 (28.5)  
Living arrangement   43.806< 0.001
 Alone775 (14.1)248 (10.5)527 (16.7)  
 Others4739 (85.9)2118 (89.5)2621 (83.3)  
Relationship with family   0.7120.399
 Good5218 (94.6)2232 (94.3)2986 (94.9)  
 Moderate or bad296 (5.4)134 (5.7)162 (5.1)  
Stress of daily life   0.0860.769
 No2833 (51.4)1221 (51.6)1612 (51.2)  
 Yes2681 (48.6)1145 (48.4)1536 (48.8)  
Negative life events   0.0220.882
 No4919 (89.2)2109 (89.1)2810 (89.3)  
 Yes595 (10.8)257 (10.9)338 (10.7)  
ULS-811.09 ± 4.5911.15 ± 4.5911.05 ± 4.590.7600.447
Psychological distress15.54 ± 6.8714.72 ± 6.5816.15 ± 7.02− 7.754< 0.001
Life satisfaction30.55 ± 5.1330.59 ± 5.1830.52 ± 5.100.4970.619