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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the global sample

From: Efficacy of the interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) in patients with bipolar disorder: results from a real-world, controlled trial

 IPSRT groupTAU groupGroup comparisondfp
Sex (male, %)10469410.09310.761
Age (M ± SD)a49.112.646.712.8t = 0.629420.533
Civil statusb
 Single14641046χ2 = 2.88920.236
 Married8361046   
 Divorced0029   
Education (years)a13.93.713.63,2t = 0.263420.794
Employed (yes)b11501464.6χ2 = 0.83410.361
Diagnosisb
 BD I19861255χ2 = 5.35010.021
 BD II2141046   
Family psychiatric history (yes)b15681464χ2 = 0.10110.750
Family history for other disorders (yes)b7321150χ2 = 1.50410.220
Comorbidity (yes)b8361255χ2 = 1.46710.226
Age at onseta28.58.828.814.8t = − 0.099420.921
Age at first psychiatric visita28.58.73213.9t = − 0.987420.329
Age at first hospitalizationa33.113.2288.8t = 0.944170.358
Age at first depressive episodea299.828.813.5t = 0.056400.955
Age at first manic episodea3213.328.17.9t = 0.921290.365
Age first hypomanic episodea31.19.434.114.3t = − 0.623250.539
Courseb
 MDI12551150χ2 = 14.18630.003
 MID314418   
 DMI73200   
 IRR00732   
Number of depressive episodesa4.13.63.73.5t = 0.345400.732
Number of manic episodesa2.52.12.92.6t = − 0.552320.585
Number of hypomanic episodesa1,72,32.82.2t = −  1.564360.127
Suicide attempts (yes)b2929χ2 = 011.000
Psychotic symptoms (yes)b1255941χ2 = 0.82010.365
Aggressiveness (yes)b15681359χ2 = 0.39310.531
Number depressive episode last yearb       
 0523627χ2 = 1.09120.580
 115681255   
 229418   
  1. BD I bipolar disorder type I, BD II bipolar disorder type II, MDI manic–depression interval, MID manic–interval depression, DMI depression–manic interval, IRR irregular
  2. a Data are expressed as mean and standard deviations
  3. b Data are expressed as frequencies and percentages