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Table 2 Compression of the 26-item Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26) scores among schizophrenic patients with DEBs (i.e., earning an EAT-26 score of ≥ 20, n = 64) based on biopsychosocial factors

From: Biopsychosocial factors associated with disordered eating behaviors in schizophrenia

Variables Categories EAT-26 (total score) Testa
M ± SD (range)
Age 20–29 29.89 ± 6.91 (22–49) F = 2.58
30–39 28.62 ± 7.16 (22–49)
40–49 35.66 ± 8.08 (29–49)
50–60 34.14 ± 10.77 (22–49)
Gender Male 29.35 ± 8.05 (22–49) t = − 1.20
Female 31.93 ± 7.86 (22–49)
Marital status Married 28.26 ± 7.17 (22–49) t = − 1.91
Single 32.33 ± 8.02 (22–49)
Residence Private home 31.35 ± 8.08 (22–49) t = 0.87
Homeless 27.75 ± 5.05 (22–32)
Educational level Illiterate 33.90 ± 9.17 (22–49) F = 1.12
Elementary grade 30.83 ± 9.80 (22–49)
Middle grade 28.18 ± 7.61 (22–49)
High school 30.33 ± 4.69 (22–38)
  College 30.07 ± 7.40 (22–49)
Psychosocial rehabilitation With 28.43 ± 6.58 (22–49) t = − 3.43**
Without 34.81 ± 8.28 (22–49)
Duration of psychosis 6 months to 2 years 36.56 ± 9.96 (22–49) F = 11.34***
Post hoc test:
3, 4  < 1
4  < 2
2 to 5 years 32.15 ± 1.90 (31–38)
5 to 10 years 28.33 ± 5.19 (22–38)
Higher than 10 years 25.15 ± 2.31 (22–29)
Category of antipsychotic medications Typical 25.61 ± 3.01 (22–31) t = − 7.42***
Atypical 36.30 ± 7.66 (22–49)
The phases of schizophrenia Active phase 32.17 ± 8.45 (22–49) t = 1.16
Remission phase 29.86 ± 7.22 (22–49)
Tobacco smoking With 38.12 ± 11.11 (22–49) t = − 3.25**
Without 28.79 ± 4.79 (22–38)
Type 2 diabetes With 40.38 ± 9.41 (25–49) t = − 4.26**
Without 28.76 ± 5.51 (22–49)
  1. p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  2. 16 months to 2 years; 22 to 5 years; 35 to 10 years; 4Higher than 10 years
  3. aStatistical analyses applied independent t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Scheffé post hoc test