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Table 2 Bivariate correlations between personal values in adolescence and the outcomes in adulthood in Japan and the US (N = 516 in each country)

From: Association between personal values in adolescence and mental health and well-being in adulthood: a cross-cultural study of working populations in Japan and the United States

JapanMean (SD)1234567891011121314151617
US
1. Avoiding causing trouble5.04 (1.5)1.00                
4.86 (1.8)1.00                
2. Positive evaluation4.56 (1.5)0.42*1.00               
4.97 (1.7)0.49*1.00               
3. Belief4.51 (1.5)0.39*0.46*1.00              
5.00 (1.7)0.43*0.48*1.00              
4. Financial success3.97 (1.6)0.25*0.27*0.47*1.00             
5.08 (1.7)0.38*0.36*0.59*1.00             
5. Improving society3.35 (1.5)0.33*0.32*0.47*0.53*1.00            
4.81 (1.8)0.43*0.35*0.65*0.72*1.00            
6. Interest4.95 (1.4)0.25*0.36*0.53*0.34*0.30*1.00           
5.57 (1.4)0.35*0.34*0.54*0.49*0.55*1.00           
7. Social influence3.35 (1.5)0.23*0.38*0.46*0.52*0.68*0.35*1.00          
4.83 (1.7)0.38*0.38*0.63*0.63*0.79*0.55*1.00          
8. Challenging4.32 (1.6)0.27*0.41*0.62*0.37*0.46*0.58*0.52*1.00         
5.02 (1.5)0.36*0.32*0.58*0.53*0.64*0.56*0.74*1.00         
9. Care4.95 (1.5)0.53*0.32*0.48*0.28*0.32*0.40*0.25*0.47*1.00        
5.32 (1.5)0.45*0.35*0.59*0.48*0.53*0.47*0.54*0.63*1.00        
10. Graduating from school4.11 (1.6)0.30*0.45*0.34*0.37*0.38*0.27*0.36*0.40*0.301.00       
4.63 (1.9)0.28*0.35*0.44*0.50*0.54*0.36*0.56*0.49*0.431.00       
11. Stable lifestyle4.53 (1.5)0.41*0.33*0.38*0.60*0.41*0.35*0.38*0.33*0.460.53*1.00      
5.38 (1.5)0.47*0.32*0.53*0.62*0.60*0.53*0.62*0.58*0.660.46*1.00      
12. Commitment to values27.94 (5.2)0.050.080.36*0.130.060.48*0.060.40*0.350.080.151.00     
31.47 (4.4)0.18*0.23*0.45*0.42*0.47*0.42*0.51*0.49*0.410.35*0.45*1.00     
13. Psychological distress5.58 (5.4)− 0.04− 0.00− 0.030.07− 0.04− 0.04− 0.01− 0.04− 0.09− 0.090.02− 0.101.00    
8.16 (6.5)0.22*0.21*0.100.130.18*0.050.19*0.120.040.20*0.100.031.00    
14. HRQoL: physical48.44 (6.3)0.030.09− 0.01− 0.04− 0.05− 0.04− 0.030.000.040.100.030.04− 0.22*1.00   
47.38 (8.8)− 0.16*− 0.17*− 0.08− 0.05− 0.11− 0.01− 0.13− 0.09− 0.06− 0.11− 0.020.02− 0.55*1.00   
15. HRQoL: mental45.85 (8.0)− 0.04− 0.020.01− 0.070.060.040.040.030.090.07− 0.040.11− 0.69*0.011.00  
45.87 (10.7)− 0.18*− 0.19*− 0.06− 0.09− 0.080.02− 0.08− 0.06− 0.02− 0.12− 0.040.03− 0.72*0.45*1.00  
16. Satisfaction2.43 (0.8)0.070.060.04− 0.050.100.010.070.090.150.100.010.12− 0.43*0.22*0.43*1.00 
3.21 (0.8)0.120.080.28*0.24*0.30*0.150.32*0.32*0.22*0.28*0.25*0.35*− 0.18*0.140.33*1.00 
17. Happiness5.71 (2.4)0.100.080.07− 0.050.030.040.010.100.17*0.110.020.16*− 0.50*0.28*0.42*0.72*1.00
7.21 (2.1)0.140.100.34*0.28*0.38*0.21*0.39*0.38*0.27*0.36*0.26*0.43*− 0.16*0.120.33*0.79*1.00
  1. HRQoL health-related quality of life
  2. *p < 0.0037 (the significance level was reduced to 1/136 using Bonferroni’s method)